Mu.5.4 Develop and implement policies and procedures to support the safeguarding of children and young people
1 Understand the impact of current legislations that underpins the safeguarding of children and young people.
1.1 Outline the current legislation that underpins the safeguarding of children and young people within own UK home nation. The current legislations for safeguarding children are:
The United Nations Convention on the rights of the child 1989 (UN 1989) was ratified by the UK on the 16th December 1991. It includes children’s rights to protection from abuse, the right to express their views and be listened to, and the right to care and services for disabled children or children living away from home. Although different British governments have said that it regards itself bound by the Convention and refers to it in child protection guidance, it has not become part of the UK law. There is no single piece of legislation that covers safeguarding children and young people in the UK; different laws and guidelines cover different parts of the UK-England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland (NSPCC 2010 pg1) EYFS (2012) Child protection- being alert to any issues of concern in a child’s life at home or elsewhere, Suitable people- following the safer recruitment policy when employee staff, Staff qualifications, training, support and skills- to ensure staff have appropriate qualifications, training, skills and knowledge and clearly understand their roles and responsibilities, staff child-ratios- staffing arrangements must meet the needs of all children and safety at all times, safety and suitability of premises-premises and outdoor areas are fir for purpose they must be safe for children and secure Children’s act (2006) - Child’s commissioner for England, duty on local authorities and their partners e.g. police health services to cooperate in promoting the well-being of children and young people and have arrangements that safeguard and promote welfare, local safeguarding board, revised legislation for physical punishment, it is now an offence to hit a child if it causes mental harm or leaves a lasting mark. CAF helping to identify individual needs, revised information for sharing information data protection act 1998
What to do if you worried a child is being abused- guidance that brings together the content from working together to safeguard children and the framework for assessment of children in need and their families 2000
Working together to safe guard children (2013) - Sets out guidelines of how individuals and organisations should work together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and how practitioners conduct the assessment of children. Every child matters (2003) one of the most important policy initiative and development programmes in relation to children and children’s services it states that every child no matter what their background has the right for support in being healthy, being safe, being able to enjoy and achieve, make positive contributions and achieve economic well-being The Education Act 2002 - This sets out the responsibilities of Local Education Authorities (LEAs), Governing bodies, head teachers and all those working in schools to ensure that children are safe and free from harm.
1.2 Evaluate how national and local guidelines policies and procedures for safeguarding affect day to day work with children and young people National legislation and guidance influence the development of local policies and procedures that affect everyday work with children and young people. Policies must cover the protection of all children and young people under the age of 18 and the content of the policy must be reviewed annually and any amendments recorded. The Education Act 2002 poses a duty on education authorities to promote and safeguard the welfare of children and young people. All settings must have a safeguarding policy which should have main safeguarding officers named on...
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