Criminal Law VS Civil Law

Topics: Criminal law, Tort, Law Pages: 3 (809 words) Published: January 11, 2014
Running head: Compare and Contrast Civil with Criminal injuries

Compare and Contrast Civil with Criminal injuries
Nora Kelgin
October 19, 2013

Tort Actions
A tort actions is a form of civil law, which are intentional tort, torts of negligence, and strict liability torts, the vast majority of legal issues in the United State involve this, such as divorce, child custody, child support, domestic dispute, consumer problems, defamation, and injuries due to a person by another person. You can fine a civil lawsuit yourself or have an attorney do it for you, in this case you become the plaintiff and the other person will be the defendant. In most situations a civil lawsuit is filed for the purpose of momentary compensation for damages or some other form of noncriminal relief. Criminal Actions

Criminal law deal with crimes against society, such as murder, theft, assault, abuse, arson, and embezzlement. You can't initiate a criminal lawsuit yourself, only a federal or state prosecutor can. Defendant found guilty in criminal cases face fines, public service, prison sentences, or possibly death; it does depend on crime and the state where the trail takes place. For example, "State v. Hudson is a hypothetical criminal case where the state brings criminal charges against Hudson. Jones v. Hudson is hypothetical civil cases in which the party named Jones sues the party named Hudson."( David L Hudson Jr., 2010, p. 143) Similarities

All though criminal and civil suits have many differences they have few similarities. Both suits involve a judicial officer of the state sitting in judgment, they also require the person moving the court for an order (the prosecutor in criminal and the plaintiff in civil cases) to prove to the relevant standard of proof nor, do they permit leading questions when examining one's own called witness and permit leading questions when examining the other side's witness. They proceed by hearing each party on each...

References: Hudson, David L Jr. (2010). The Handy Law Book. Understanding the Law Navigating the Legal Systems.
Bergman, Paul J.D. & Berman, Sara J. J.D. (2011) The Criminal Law Handbook, 12th Edition. Know your rights, survive the system.
Ventura, John J.D. (2005) Law for Dummies, 2nd Edition.
Free Dictionary (2013) Farlex, INC.
Graner, Bryan (2009) Black 's Law Dictionary, 9th Edition.
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