Euromaidan, Ukrainian revolution and Crimean crisis
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Ukraine Crisis makes news headlines almost every day now. In this globalized world, no event occurs in isolation. Whether or not involved, every crisis, revolution or peace treaty has impact on almost all nations. It is in this perspective that we should see Ukraine crisis. As you might be aware the major parties involved as Ukraine, Russia and the West (mainly US). We shall analyse the background details of the present crisis in layman’s language. [Background Digging Operation™ : courtesy to Wikipedia, CNN, BBC, Telegraph, NBC News and of-course The-Hindu :-) ] Euromaidan, 2014 Ukrainian revolution and Crimean crisis
When we analyze the present Ukraine crisis, we should note that there are multiple events involved like the Euromaidan, the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the 2014 Crimean crisis, and every event has close connection with each other. Since the events started with Euromaidan, in this article I have included everything currently related with Ukraine in the blanket cover of Euromaidan.
Russia Ukraine Map
Euromaidan [21 November 2013 –present]
The Euromaidan is a wave of ongoing demonstrations, civil unrest and revolution in Ukraine, which began on the night of 21 November 2013 with public protests demanding closer European integration. President Viktor Yanukovych’s government announced Ukraine is abandoning an agreement to strengthen ties with the European Union and is instead seeking closer cooperation with Moscow. This was the immediate cause of the Euromaidan protests. There were other reasons too. Causes of Euromaidan
Suspension of the Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement by the government. Russian foreign policy.
Threat of Russian trade sanctions.
Goals of Euromaidan
Signing of the EU Association Agreement and Free Trade Agreement. Impeachment of President Viktor Yanukovych.
Re-adoption of the 2004 Constitution of Ukraine amendments. International sanctions against Yanukovych and Azarov government members. Rejection of Customs Union membership.
2014 Ukrainian Revolution.
Impeachment of Viktor Yanukovych.
Return of 2004 constitution.
Oleksandr Turchynov becomes Acting President.
Early presidential election.
Implementation and subsequent cancellation of laws restricting civil liberties. Former Ukrainian prime minister and opposition leader, Yulia Tymoshenko freed from jail. Occupation of local governments.
Banning of Party of Regions by local governments under control of anti-government activists. Resignation of Prime Minister Mykola Azarov.
President Yanukovych offers opposition the position of Prime Minister of Ukraine. Worsening of the economic situation, including credit downgrading by American credit agencies like Moody’s. Beginning of Crimean crisis and invasion by Russia.
The new Cabinet of Ukraine resumed preparations in signing of the EU Association treaty.
The 2014 Ukrainian revolution [18–23 February 2014 (5 days)]
The 2014 Ukrainian revolution began with a series of violent episodes of civil unrest in Kiev, Ukraine, as part of Ukraine’s ongoing Euromaidan protest movement against the government. The conflict escalated rapidly, leading to the downfall of the government of President Viktor Yanukovych and the setting up of a new government to replace it within a few days. Yanukovych fled to Russia, and is wanted in Ukraine for the killing of protesters.
PS: In brief, the 2014 Ukrainian revolution was anti-Yanukovych who is pro-Russia. Those who protested wanted close Ukraine-EU relations and not Ukraine-Russia partnership. The 2014 Crimean Crisis [23 February 2014–present]
The Crimean Crisis happened when pro-Russian forces seized control of the Crimea region.The Causes of Crimean Crisis can be summed up as below :...
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