Courtroom Matrix/ Cja491

Topics: Judge, Shorthand, Jury Pages: 7 (1474 words) Published: May 4, 2013
Courtroom Participant Matrix CJA/491 Version 1


University of Phoenix Material
Courtroom Participant Matrix
Complete the matrix below using your text and other resources.


Role Interpret the law, assess the evidence, presented, and control how hearings and trials unfold in the courtroom (“The Role Of The Judge, 2006).

Responsibilities Ensures the trial follows legal procedures, interprets the law and finds resolutions (Michaels, 2013)

Ethical Duties - Uphold the integrity and independence of the judiciary - Avoid impropriety and the appearance of the impropriety in all of the judges activities - Perform duties of judicial office impartially and diligently ("Ethical And Professional Rules For Lawyers And Judges", 1997).

Selection Method Federal judge is appointed by the President of the United States. State judge is selected through various ways: merit system, appointed, and elected.


A lawyer who represents the people against a person or persons charged with violating the criminal law of U.S ("Students Legal Assistance", 2013). Prosecutor

- Modify, add or dismiss charges based on the evidence and the likelihood of gaining a conviction. - Administering all rules applied to how evidence is gathered, examined and presented to the court. - Can offer an opinion and make recommendations for sentencing.

Seek justice by Chosen defending the victims of through local crimes. They elections. investigate process prior to the trial, decide what the charges will be for the defendant, decide if the charge is valid, and plea bargain with the defense before going to trial (Nicolet, 2013).

Courtroom Participant Matrix CJA/491 Version 1


Defense Attorney

Provides legal representation for an individual who is charged with a violation of the criminal law ("Role Of The Defense Attorney", 2013).

To present the argument and innocence of the defendant through researching the case and the best possible way to prove innocence.

Witness or know something about the crime.


-Provide a valid address and telephone number. -Provide timely notice of any change in address and/or telephone number. -Provide notice of any vacation or travel plans. -Be present and punctual when subpoenaed for court appearances. -Always tell the truth ("The Role Of The Victim / Witness In The Justice System", 2008). - To attend all proceedings regarding the case. - To choose a defense attorney or request one to be assigned to

To be prepared to present their client’s case and plea innocence or conditional guilt based on their information they have gathered. Ensure the clientattorney privilege so there is an open relationship between all parties. -Be respectful to all parties involved in the case - Helpful to their attorney by providing all information - Report any threats or accusations to the prosecutor or police.

Through extensive research online by the defendant on which is the best that will fit their case.

They are not selected they are considered the person who had the crime happen to them through evidence.


Any person accused of committing a crime, an act defined as punishable under criminal law ("Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia", 2013).

- To appear before the judge and provide a statement regarding the charge(s). - Speak the truth to all questions regarding the case.

This is also not a selection. This is found through evidence that they have committed

Courtroom Participant Matrix CJA/491 Version 1



the crime through probable cause. Duties of the Jury are to reach a verdict through all of the evidence provided during the trial. These people are selected through thorough questioning by both attorneys that will best fit the case


To decide the facts in the case, and to apply the law on which the judge has instructed it in order to reach a verdict. If there is a conflict, it is their duty to determine what really happened ("In The Courtroom:...

References: The Role of the Judge. (2006). Retrieved from Students Legal Assistance. (213). Retrieved from Role of the Defense Attorney. (2013). Retrieved from The Role of the Victim / Witness in the Justice System. (2008). Retrieved from Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. (2013). Retrieved from The Canadian Bar Association. (2012). Retrieved from Michaels, J. (2013). What are the Judges duties?. Retrieved from Ethical and Professional Rules for Lawyers and Judges. (1997). Retrieved from Nicolet, G. (2013). The Duties of the Prosecutors. Retrieved from Fleetwood, Jr., W. M. (1937). A Witness ' Duties and Rights. : American Petroleum Institute. Wall, D. J. (2013). The Expert Witness: Selecting and Managing A Vital Resource. Retrieved from a-vital?t=investigative-forensics&page=2 "Court Reporter". (2012). Retrieved from Duties and Responsibilities of the Carter County Court Clerk. (2013). Retrieved from Court Clerks: Duties and Responsibilities. (2013). Retrieved from
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