Court Systems

Topics: Supreme Court of the United States, United States, United States federal courts Pages: 5 (1646 words) Published: June 15, 2013
Court System Paper
Ronnie Allen
Survey of Justice and Security/AJS/502 Version 1
June 10, 2013
Mr. Joseph Laronge

This paper is about a court case, different types of federal and state courts, and new technology used in court cases. In everyday life all over the world there are law enforcement officers, lawyers, judges', government officials and even accused criminals that are looking forward to some type of reprieve from the United States Court System at some level. The court system that we depend on from the smallest criminal act to something that happens that test the very foundation of our constitution to make decisions to change life, life styles or public interaction (local or worldwide). In this paper we will write about research and discuss the elements and components of the court system from a prior criminal court proceeding; identify and describe the distinguishing features of the major court systems, that include both the state-level superior courts and federal district courts up through all appellate courts including the U.S. Supreme Court. Included will be key players, jurisdictional rules and interpretation issues , and the effect of evolving technologies on court proceedings at each level; then describe where you can see or read these ideas in a court case.

There are two essential elements of the U.S. Judicial System. The most basic part of the system is the adversarial system of justice. This is where the litigants present their cases before a neutral party. Litigants pay their own lawyer fees in addition a fee for filing a civil case in federal court. Many rules exist regarding how evidence and testimony are presented, trial procedure, courtroom behavior and etiquette and how evidence and testimony are presented. For federal courts, the rules are determined by committees composed of judges, professors and lawyers appointed by the chief Justice of the United States. The rules are approved by the Judicial Conference of the United States and become law unless congress votes to reject or modify them. State courts and local courts have their own committee and procedural rules, sometimes adapted from the rules for the federal courts. Many judges also have their own rules guiding conduct in their courtroom (Silverman, 2011).

From research, newspapers, computer information of the murder case of Shaniya Davis a five year old. The defendant Mario McNeill was tried in a superior court with all the key players in place, the lawyers, judge, bailiff, court recorder, court clerk, witnesses and family members from the defendant and the young child killed. It was reported that the court was also filled with spectators and the different types of media. All the elements and components of the court system was recognized and acknowledged.

It has been stated that the majority of legal disputes in the U.S. are settled in state courts, but federal courts have considerable power. Many of their rulings become precedent or a principle, law or interpretation of a law established by a court ruling. Precedent respected by other courts when dealing with a case or situation similar to past precedent. This policy is the law. Known as stare decisis or “let the decision stand.” Precedent is sometimes overturned or disregarded by a court, but the policy generally provides continuity in courts interpretations of the law.

Federal crimes usually involve an offense against the federal government (such as tax evasion) or crimes that occur in more than one state (such as kidnapping across state lines). Research states that the federal judiciary is divided into three main levels. •At the bottom are the federal district courts, which have original jurisdiction in most cases of federal law. Made up of 92 districts, the federal district court system has at least one branch in each of the 50 states, as well as one each in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. There are from 1 to more...

References: Encyclopedia, T. C. (2012). Court System In the United States - State Court Systems. New York: Columbia University Press.
Encyclopedia, T. C. (2012). Court System In the United States - The Federal Court System. New York: Columbia University Press.
Silverman, J. (2011, March 2). How the Judicial System Works. Retrieved from Jeep: http://www.howstuffworks.com/judicial-system.htm
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