counselling theories 1

Topics: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development, Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development Pages: 2 (1263 words) Published: November 18, 2014
Counselling Theories, Assignment 1 – Short Answer Questions. 1. The concept of nature versus nurture is our personality, temperament, make up, complexion and characteristics which are influenced by our parents through genetics, as well as our upbringing, environment and education. Using myself as a case study, starting with my appearance I have green eyes and light coloured hair which I have inherited from my father, he too has green eyes and light coloured hair, I also have a few of his traits regarding anger and frustration, however I have learnt how to control this and be more reasonable which I believe I inherited from my mother and from my upbringing. 2. One strength and one weakness of the nature versus nurture concept in relation to understanding human development and individual behaviour is if we know what certain behaviours are genetic, rather than learnt from the environment, we are able to recognise that people are unable to control these certain behaviours for example: ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder), we would have the resources to help them with the right treatment and support them. However a weakness could be that it is difficult to separate the two from the effects of heredity and the environment. 3. Id: Describes our genetic characteristics or the nature element of our personality. It is the initial component of personality that we are born with. The id is driven by the pleasure principle and the goal of the id is to decrease tension and avoid pain. The id is entirely focused on own satisfaction with no regard to ethical issues. Ego: Is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. Ego develops from id and ensures that the needs of the id can be expressed in an acceptable manner. Ego operates on reality through reasoning, evaluating and remembering information from the outer world. The reality principle looks at the positives and negatives of a desire or action before allowing or abandoning the impulses. Superego:...
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