computer addiction

Topics: Addiction, Computer, Internet Pages: 6 (2092 words) Published: February 12, 2014
History of Computer Addictive and Meaning:

Computer addiction was noticed in 1973 in some people. The addiction is a mental illness which causes the excessive use of computers to the extent of it interfering with daily life. Its excessive use may also explain problems in social interaction, personality, mood, work ethic and relationships.

Computer addiction is the excessive use of computers to the extent that it interferes with daily life. Excessive use may explain problems in social interaction, mood, personality, work ethic, relationships, thought processes, or sleep deprivation. Neither computer addiction, Internet addiction, nor video game addiction are clinically described in the DSM 5, the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Some people develop bad habits in their computer use that cause them significant problems in their lives. The types of behavior and negative consequences are similar to those of known addictive disorders. Not all people who spend hours each day on the computer are considered addicted. There are many uses for computers and the internet and in many cases, an individual may spend 6 or more hours in a day on the computer but still not be considered an addict. Each individual situation is different and therefore, there is no set number of hours that is (or is not) considered a potential for computer addiction.

Effects and Causes of Computer Addiction:
EFFECTS
Excessive computer use may result in, or occur with:
Lack of face to face social interaction.
Using the computer for pleasure, gratification, or relief from stress. •Feeling irritable and out of control or depressed when not using it. •Spending increasing amounts of time and money on hardware, software, magazines, and computer-related activities. •Neglecting work, school, or family obligations.

Lying about the amount of time spent on computer activities. •Risking loss of career goals, educational objectives, and personal relationships. •Failing at repeated efforts to control computer use.

CAUSES
anxiety caused by stress at work, relationships, financial problems or other sources •depression that leads to computer use to escape reality
inactivity and using the computer instead of working out or otherwise being active •physical illness that prevents an individual from leaving the home •boredom and feeling like there is nothing else to do

The Most Common Types of Computer Addiction
Programming addictions – these addictions result from an individual’s desire to reprogram items or databases or to create new software excessively •General Computer addictions – this is a result of an individual’s desire to play games such as solitaire or other games on the computer and does not generally include internet usage •Internet Addiction – internet addiction is the result of an individual’s desire to spend time online performing any one of a number of tasks in excessive. Internet addiction has sub-categories that include: •Internet compulsions – these may include compulsive shopping online, compulsive gaming online, compulsive gambling online or compulsive stock trading online •Cybersex – this is a compulsive use of the internet to participate in internet sex through chat rooms, adult websites, fantasy role playing online or watching pornography •Social Networking addictions – this is the addiction that results when an individual spends more time socializing online than they do socializing with people in real life. These addicts will often find online relationships to be more meaningful than offline relationships.

Treatment for Computer Addiction
Counseling and therapy – this may entail behavioral therapy such as CBT which will retain the mind to perform different actions when it has certain thoughts. Counseling or therapy can also focus on treating underlying mental health conditions that caused the addiction such as anxiety, depression, social trauma or...
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