In Calhoun's essay, "A Defense of Slavery," written in 1837, he states that slavery is the way of life for people, and if it is abolished, society will be destroyed. Calhoun thinks that slaves are happier and better off because of whites and the system of slavery. He says, "there never has yet existed a wealthy and civilized society in which one portion of the community did not, in point of fact, live on the labor of the other." Therefore, Calhoun believes that slavery should be left alone. Calhoun points out that there's no conflict between labor and capital because of the institution of slavery. He believes that a stable society is based on this system, and should continue asserting the "existing relations between" whites and blacks.
George Fitzhugh, who wrote "Cannibals All! Or Slaves Without Masters" in 1857, agrees with Calhoun's pro-slavery views, and goes on to say that white slaves, or indentured servants, suffered worse conditions than black slaves. Fitzhugh demonstrates his belief by showing the differences in lifestyles between white indentured servants and black slaves. When white slaves are done with their work for their masters, they are free, but they have to go home and take care of their families and households. A white slave's employer is truly free, and uses the slaves hard work for his own profit. Fitzhugh believes that the black slave is also free. When their labor is done, they are provided with food, raiment, house, fuel, and