Chapter Review (pg. 34-49)
A: The teaching and institutions of Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism are the three philosophies out there were Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. All of them had a different style, but they all meant to end fighting in China. In Confucianism, every person has a part that they must obey. Legalism is the method that actually ended all the fighting, but at a big price. Books were burned, and all free thinking was stopped. Daoism was less focused on politics. The idea behind it is that humans have to be linked with Dao or with nature.
B: The development the Chinese state and political institutions are classical Chinese government that is based on the dynastic cycle. Which means that a family would start their rule with strength. Then when it grows...
Those are the intellectual and technological advancements that imperial China made.
H: The influence of merchants and the importance of commerce to China are very important. Although they never became a main point of Chinese civilization due to the Confucian view that they were earning off of others work. China shipped goods such as silk and jewelry. The trade between rice producing regions and wheat producing regions in China was very significant. That is the main influence of merchants and the importance of commerce to China.
Vocabulary (pg. 34-49)
A: Confucian Five Relationships- The Five Bonds is: ruler to rule, father to son, husband to wife, elder brother to younger brother, friend to friend. Specific duties were prescribed to each of the participants in these sets of relationships.
B: Filial Piety- the important virtue and primary duty of respect, obedience,
and care for one's parents and elderly family members.
C: Ancestor worship- the veneration of ancestors whose spirits are frequently held to possess the power to influence the affairs of the...
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