Codeine in Narcotics

Topics: Codeine, Opioid, Pain Pages: 1 (366 words) Published: August 14, 2012
Codeine is a weak narcotic pain-reliever and cough suppressant similar to morphine and hydrocodone. In fact, a small amount of codeine is converted to morphine in the body. The precise mechanism of action of codeine is not known; however, like morphine, codeine binds to receptors in the brain (opioid receptors) that are important for transmitting the sensation of pain throughout the body and brain. Codeine increases tolerance to pain, decreasing discomfort, but the pain still is apparent to the patient. In addition to reducing pain, codeine also causes sedation drowsiness and depresses breathing. Codeine frequently is combined with acetaminophen (Tylenol) or aspirin for more effective pain relief. ADVANTAGES

Codeine is a prescription drug that is prescribed when it is important to get rid of the pain. It is used for mild to moderately severe pain. Codeine is still most commonly prescribed for pain conditions and different types of pain. It is prescribed, for example, for dental pain, including toothache and pains in the gums. Codeine is also used for alleviating back pains and bone pain that is present ether due to an injury or some other medical condition. It can also be used for alleviating pain that is a result of the inflammations of joints, i.e. different types of arthritis. It is also often used for managing the pain that is caused by migraines, while it can also be used for ordinary headaches that are too severe for over the counter medications. In addition to these, Codeine is also used for treating the pain that occurs after surgery. DISADVANTAGES

Codeine cough syrup was once widely abused as a recreational drug and, to some extent, is still actively abused by some. It is the main ingredient in a drink called purple drank that originates from the southern part of the United States. Other medications and ingredients are added to the drink according to preference. Purple drank is also commonly know as Texas tea, sizzurp, and...
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