Unit 616 – Administer medication to individuals and monitor the effects.
Understand legislation, policy and procedures relevant to the administration of medication
1.1 Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication
There are several legislations in place with protocols for the administration of medication which I have listed below. The main policy re admin of drugs and storing of drugs and medicines is the Control Of Substances Hazardous to Health or COSHH but along with this there are other policies in place as per the list below. *The misuse of drugs act 1971
*The misuse of drugs regulations 1973
*the Medicines Act
*The NHS Pharmaceutical Service (regulations) 1995
*The Children Act 1989
*The Children’s Act (Scotland) 1995
*The Health and Social care Act 2001
*The Care Standards Act 2000
*The health Act 2000
*The Mental Capacity Act (2005)
*The Access to Health records Act (1999)
Know about common types of medication and their use
2.1 Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects
Examples of common types of medication that I have come across often in my care work are as follows- Cocodamol-This is used for pain relief and so is an analgesic and are prescribed/used when other pain killers such as asprin or paracetamol have not relieved the symptoms (pain). Possible side effects are constipation, skin rashes, nausea, shortness of breath,loss of short term memory, allergic reactions, bleeding, dry mouth or possible addiction.
Metformin-This is an oral anti-diabetic drug and is commonly the first this to be prescribed by a GP for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, especially when people are overweight/overweight. There are only a few possible side effects that can occur from taking metformin include gastrointestinal upset. Metformin has been associated with a low risk of hypoglycaemia and in cases of an overdose lactic acidosis which is a build-up of lactate in the blood which can be serious.
Risperidone-This is an antipsychotic drug used to treat schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and the manic states associated with bipolar disorder. Side effects that can occur from taking risperidone include weight gain and some problems with a patient’s metabolism such as type 2 diabetes. Other side effects are neuroleptic malignant syndrome (a life threatening neurological disorder caused by bad reaction to drugs like risperidone) Risperidone also increases the risk of death in patients who suffer from dementia.
2.2 Identify medication which demands the measurement of specific physiological measurements
Wafarin is a medication that demands physiological measurements. It is an anticoagulant prescribed and used to prevent a thrombosis and thromboembolism. Patients on warfarin long term have a warfarin nurse who will monitor them and change the dosage (mg) of the warfarin accordingly making it imperative you keep aware of any changes and dispense the tablets accordingly. Patients have regular blood samples taken to make sure that they are taking a safe dose. Other medications that demand physiological measurements include insulin-like warfarin blood needs to be checked and the glucose level measured and insulin changed if needed. Digoxin is prescribed and used by patients to steady a fast heartbeat, the pulse is checked before administration of the drug.
2.3 Describe the common adverse reactions to medication, how each can be recognised and the appropriation action(s) required
Common adverse reactions to medication include diarrhoea, constipation, rashes on the body, nausea and/or vomiting, dizziness, headaches, tiredness. With each of them showing up physically in a patient i.e. sickness etc. then they can usually be easily recognised, it is important to remember though that some patients may not be able to communicate how they are...
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