CHOMSKY AND HALLIDAY’S CONTRIBUTIONS IN LINGUISTICS
(Avram) Noam Chomsky is an eminent linguist and a radical political philosopher of international reputation. He was born on December 7, 1928 in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania, USA) where he grew up in a family of Ukrainian and Belarusian Jewish immigrants who had gone through New York before settling in Philadelphia. His father, Dr. William Chomsky, was a Hebrew grammarian, and his mother, Elsie Chomsky, was a teacher. His father fueled his academic aspirations while his mother was responsible for his political leanings.
Today Chomsky is Professor emeritus of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he has taught all of his career. He founded generative linguistics, which in and of itself was a revolution in his field and beyond.(bio.truestory) His approach to linguistics stems from rationalist philosophy, which holds that the mind is not a blank slate at birth, dependent on experience and learning, but rather is pre-equipped with knowledge universal to human nature. Chomsky believes that all languages — and there are more than 5,000 — contain core similarities in grammar structure that humans inherently understand from birth. The languages people are exposed to at an early age make no difference. Transformational generative grammar. Chomsky stresses that it is the universal unconscious aspects of language that allow individuals to create original grammatic sentences. This approach sees linguistics as not merely connected to psychology, but as a definite component of psychology.
According to a blog The Journalist 1.3 by Lucian Marin in wordpress.com, Noam Chomsky states that children are born with an inherited ability to learn any human language. He claims that certain linguistic structures which children use so accurately must be already imprinted on the child’s mind. Chomsky believes that every child has a ‘language acquisition device’ or LAD(1) which encodes the major principles of...
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