China and Japan

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China | Japan | * Confucius Society * Forced into a reform mode * Realized, the West was eager to gain access to Chinese market (opium) * Technological superiority * The government tore up first railway line. * Modestly interested in Western military innovation. * Civil war broke out between semi-Christian religious group and the government. * Boxer Rebellion- Chinese rebellion against foreign influence. * Intrusions by Europeans reduce economy, increased hostility. * Footbinding decreased. * No tradition of a fruitful interaction from the outside world. * In 1890s, China and Japan went to war. * China lost war against Japan due to lack of technology in military. * Huge tensions of hostility came by. * Leaders believed that to make forcible changes against the Western intrusion, that a revolution is the answer. * | * Massively influenced by China * Forced into a reform mode * Military clashes between Western and Japanese forces * The West forced entry in Japan * Poor resources * Unlike China, had more of openness to foreign influence. * During Meiji era (around 1868), many * New reforms occurred in politics * In 1868, feudal system was abolished. * Parliaments in Japan dressed in Western fashion. * Military reforms: upgraded navy, new technology, etc. * Infracture Reform * Educational Reform * Confucianism holding Japan back. * These reforms were not a complete cave in Western civilization. * Imported Western teachers, looked liked westernization. * High taxes in peasantry stimulated Japanese industrialization. * Young girls bought and sent to work in sweatshops were they were housed. * By 1890s, able to make modern steamships. * Feudalism gave Japan appreciation on western influence. * Japanese copied from the West. * Japanese beat the Chinese in the war because of their better military and superior navy compared to China. * Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)- Japanese won.

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