UNIT 1 CHILD AND YOUNG PERSON DEVELOPMENT
1.2 DESCRIBE WITH EXAMPLES ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT
Development is a holistic process and each child is unique and will develop in his own way and at different rates.
The period 0 to 3 years is a fast physical development. A baby does not have too much control over their bodies. They sucking and grasping their food for surviving with help. After 12 months most babies they start moving around, crawling, rolling or grabbing things themselves without help.
After 2 years they start to walk; they can use their hands for pointing, holding small objects and starting to dress and feed themselves. Also they can play with balls and enjoy climbing.
After 3 years, children start to have more control to use pencils and crayons, books; they can use cups and feed themselves and will have more confidence when they running and they will start to use tricycles.
Communication and intellectual development from earliest stages it’s depending to their experiences, the opportunities that they are given and children’s abilities innate. From 0 to 3 years adults usually start to communicate with babies even though they don t understand yet. Babies must be stimulated and have an interest shown in them. They will be listening to language from us and will enjoy songs and games. After 12 months they can use some words not very clear, they start talking after 2 years properly and can have approximately 200 words. Between 2 and 3 years they can use plurals and negatives in their speech.
Social, emotional and behavioural development for this stage is related to parents and carers. Babies and small kids are very attached from their parents; they my start to have tantrums through frustration and need to start doing things for themselves.
Children between 3 to 7 years will be to carry out more coordinated movements and more confidence as a result. They will start school activities such as writing, drawing, making things, cutting. Also they enjoyed sport activities such as running, hopping, kicking a ball and using larger equipment.
At this stage children become more social, they increase their vocabulary, familiar phrases and expressions. Children on this age can use the past and future tenses with great confidence. They will start writing and reading skills and calculating.
Socially they start making friends playing with their colleagues, using imaginative play. This will help them to develop their concept of different roles in their lives. They must learn some rules on class and ask for permission.
Between 7 to 12 years children will be refined many of their skills. They may start to have hobbies and interests such as sport and dance. They may also be able to playing an instrument or sewing. Girls will star to show some of the early signs of puberty from the age of 10 or 11.
By this stage most children will be fluent speakers of language and will developing and refining their skills at reading and writing. They can discuss now their ideas and will be able to transfer information and think in a more abstract way.
Socially they will have strong relationship with other the same age and they will need to have the chance to solve problems and carry out activities independently. Emotionally we need to give them praise and encouragement.
During the adolescence, between 12 to 16 years, young people will be growing stronger. Boys will start their puberty and girls should have their first period.
Adolescence is a stage when young people usually now have a clear idea about their favorite subjects and activities and they are motivated in this areas. They achieve their exams; A levels and GCSEs.
Emotional and behavioural development for this stage makes young people very vulnerable. They like to be more independent and like to spend time with their friends the same age more than their parents. Sometimes could appear some conflicts...
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