Chapter 11

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Chapter 11

Mongol armies besieged the Genoese trading on Black Sea in 1346
Damaged trading links between East Asia and Mediterranean bubonic plague
Geneose merchants and soldiers withdrew, taking germs with them reached Messina, Sicily, half were dead and rest dying went port to port, spreading the germs killed one third of European population land and sea trailes of human voyagers became accidental conduits for deadly microbes devastated societies more than Mongol warfare
“murderous hordes” of world history populations didn’t recover from Black Death for 200 years most severe were regions that Mongols had brought together settlements commercial hubs along Silk Road and Mediterranean Sea and South China Sea
Asian societies escaped Mongol conquest and dying disruptions from Black Death
14th & 15th centuries struggled to remake their societies

Collapse and Integration

many concluded the plague as God’s wish. Many ruling groups married and established new armies and taxes, creating new systems to administer their states

The Black Death

14th century’s most significant development combo of bubonic, pneumonic and septicaemic plague death rates 25 - 50% spread so far due to climate changes drying up of central Asia forced rodents out of their usual places and pastoral people moved closer to settled agricultural communities
Mongols’ trading network first outbreak in 1320’s in southwestern China spread through China then along trade routes
Central Asia to Black Sea, then by ship to Mediterranean Sea and Italian city-states secondary routes from China to Red Sea and from Indian Ocean to Persian gulf into Fertile Crescent and Iraq
Dying men arrived in 1347 called the Pestilence or Great Mortality engulfed western end it struck Afro-Eurasian popoulations because it had no immunities to the disease
Rodents carreid the plague bacilli fleas transmitted the bacilli from rodent to rodent, and also to humans die quickly

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