University of Phoenix Material
Causes and Outcomes of the Revolution
Part 1: Causes
Complete the grid by describing each pre-war event and explaining how it contributed to the Revolutionary War.
Contribution to the Revolutionary War
French and Indian War
A war from 1754-1763 between England and France. Over disputed land in the Ohio Valley. The French and Indian War changed the Crown’s method of ruling the colonies from salutary neglect to tightening control of the colonist (Schultz, 2014, Chapter Toward Revolution). Sugar Act
Cut taxes on sugar and molasses but enforced tax collection, also taxed indigo, pimento, wines and coffee. The sugar act led to harsh enforcement of tax collection from the colonist and making it seem the colonies were a source of income to England. Stamp Act
Mandated the use of stamped paper for all official things like wills, diplomas and marriage liscenceslicenses. It was an embedded stamp not a topical one. It confirmed the Crowns intentions to raise money through the colonist. Colonist not obeying the stamp act would be tried by a crown operated court meaning they were ready to take action (Schultz, 2014, "Toward Revolution, Raising Revenue"). Townshend Acts
1767 Demanded the collection of duties on glass, lead, tea, paper and other items. The Townshend Act infringed on the colonies rights to self govern and self rule. By implementing English without parliament representation. Showing England was not ready to give up control so easily (Schultz, 2014, "Toward Revolution, The Townshend Acts of 1767"). Tea Act
It lowered duties on tea, granted the East India Company the monopoly on tea and appointed royal agents to sell the tea. Another move for England to established a parliament authority. Upsetting powerful colonial tea merchants since they could no longer sell tea. Infusing the Boston tea party. Intolerable Acts
Were two sets of acts, the Coercive Acts which were made to punish Massachusetts for the tea party by closing the harbor removing the government and the quartering act. The other set was the Quebec act which let French Canadians practice Roman Catholicism and declared that most of the land west of the Appalachians would be governed by Quebec. To Fight these acts the Colonies Unified to form the First Continental Congress which created the Continental Association to supervised English Boycotts. Boston Tea Party
On December 17, 1773 60 colonists dressed as Mohawk Indians and dumped all the tea into the harbor. The Boston Tea Party Pushed England to create The Coercive and Quebec acts. And increase the presence of English troops (Schultz, 2014, "Toward Revolution, The Coercive and Quebec Acts, 1774"). Boston Massacre
March 5, 1770 a bunch of Boston rebels were throwing things at some soldiers and one fell and a British guard started firing and killed 5 colonists. Sparked a debate to as how far rebellion should go, but was also used as propaganda for anti British rebellion (Schultz, 2014, "Toward Revolution, The Boston Massacre"). Declaration of Independence
A declaration written saying they are no longer under British control. Begins the Revolutionary war by dissolving all ties to the British crown.
Part 2: Outcomes
Complete the grid by describing each military event and explaining its relationship to the outcome of the Revolutionary War.
Relationship to the outcome of the Revolutionary War
Concord and Lexington
This was the start of the Revolutionary War. The battle was fought on April 19, 1775. This is the battle that Paul Revere is known for sounding the alarm for. After Paul Revere sounded the alarm the colonial militia started their plan to intercept the Redcoats (A&E Television Network, 2015). This started the American Revolutionary War. After many battles the colonists finally won their independence. Fort Ticonderoga
Fort Ticonderoga allowed access to the Hudson River Valley and Canada...
References: A&E Television Network. (2015). Washington leads troops into winter quarters at Valley Forge. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/washington-leads-troops-into-winter-quarters-at-valley-forge
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