Human Memory: the many theories
This paper will go into some detail about how the human memory process works and how we go about forgetting information and why
Human memory: The many Theories
Memory is a multifaceted activity that demands more than simply looking at an object and at future time recalling exactly what you saw. This process is distributed throughout the brain and is connected through the neural networks. No step or process takes place in a single part or section of the brain. There are many models and theory that help explain the method or process by which your brain stores these memories. One such model is “The Boxes in the Head model that was developed in 1968 (McLeod, 168). This particular model depicts memory as data flowing through a procedure. It can be explained by comparing it to a computer, with an input and an output. According to this model the first step in the memory process is the environmental input. These are detected by a person sense organs, these then enter what is called the sensory memory. Each of the five senses produces a separate sensory memory. Any of this type of memory that is not dispatched to STM (short term memory) is lost in a flash. The data that is passed to STM is based on the mindfulness of the sensory input and the meaning If paid attention to in any way this info is then passed on to Long-Term Memory(LTM). If the info is not “Rehearsed” it is then forgotten vanished due to displacement or decay. This model has produced a lot of research focusing on memory. This model is particularly favored by those that study amnesia. The real problem with this representation of the memory process is that it is too simple. It suggest that both STM and long-term memory function in linear, consistent fashion. Thanks to research in this area it has become apparent that Both STM and LTM are much more intricate then was previously believed. This model proposes rehearsal enhances relocation to LTM but that it is not critical. For example why are we ale to call to mind information or data that we did not review such as swimming. But we cannot bring to mind data that we did review over and over again. Like the history dates that you had memorize in High school? This model shows the process of transferrin information from STM to LTM is accomplished by rehearsal and in reality is no as essential as Atkinson and Schifrin asserted in their model. This model main point was on configuration but it seems to completely dismiss the other components of memory. This model’s seems to stress the significance of attention and rehearsal. This model is also known as “Stage model of Memory” (Board, 2014) This explains the three different memory systems that include Short-Term Memory (STM), Long-term Memory (LTM) and the different phases that they go through. (Board, 2014). The preliminary step is sensory memory, which is the information that your brain takes in from all five of the senses, “Each of the sense produces its own form of sensory memory” This memory is a very quick stimulus therefore it is removed quickly. This contribution make very strong signals for memory recollection. In the animated film Anastasia and her grandmother share a memory of peppermint oil and how when Anastasia smelled it brought back the memory of when she spilled it all of the carpet and when her grandmother went to Paris she would lay on that spot because of the smell brought her grandmother to mind. The next part in the process is Short-Term Memory (STM). The is the middle man between senses and LTM, “It is also referred to as working Memory” (Board, 2014) This part is an active working method that processes all the data from both the sense and from the deepest reaches of your LTM and assigns meaning to the short term data that you take in. (Dehn, 2011).
The next part of Memory is Long-Term Memory (LTM) and there are two kinds of LTMs they are; episodic and semantic. (Board,...
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