-from the Latin word “ecclesia” and from the Greek word “ek- kalein” which means convocation or assembly
-It designates assembly of the people for the religious purpose.
-In Christian usage, the word “church”
The Church in God’s Plan
-God the Father created the whole universe, and chose to raise up men to share in his own divine life.
-God created the world for the sake of communion with his divine life, a communion brought about by the convocation of men in Christ and this convocation is the Church.
The Church Prepared in the Old Testament
-The remote preparation for this gathering together of the People of God begins when he calls Abraham and promises that he will become the father of a great people.
-The Israelites was elected as the People of God which is a sign of the future gathering of all nations.
The Church Instituted by Christ
-Christ accomplish the Father’s plan of salvation in the fullness of time.
-The Church was founded by the words and actions of Jesus Christ fulfilled by his redeeming cross and his resurrection.
The Church Revealed by the Holy Spirit
-The Holy Spirit was sent on the day of Pentecost in order that he might continually sanctify the Church.
-By nature the Church is missionary
-So that she can fulfill her mission, the Holy Spirit bestows varied hierarchic and charismatic gifts
The Church-Perfected in Glory
-The Church will receive its perfection only in the glory of heaven at the time of Christ glorious return.
-The Church is a Pilgrim Church.
The Mystery of the Church
-The Church is in history but at the same time she transcends it.
-Christ established and sustains the Church he founded to communicate truth and grace to all men.
The Church at the same time:
-A society structured with hierarchical organs and the mystical body of Christ
-A visible society and a spiritual community
-An earthly Church and the Church endowed with heavenly riches.