May 12, 2014
Hogan 5th Period
Auschwitz: The Death Camp
Thesis: Built by the Nazis as both a concentration and a death camp, Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi camps, the most diverse and intricate camp of all, and the main center for the death of Jews during the Holocaust.
I. Largest of Nazi Death Camps
A. Consisted of three camps
B. Thirty-seven sub camps
C. Seven gas chambers and crematories
II. Most diverse and intricate camp
A. Decorations made the camp look “fun”
B. Many decorations that told lies
C. Was like a town inside a fence
III. Main center for death during the Holocaust
A. Total number of people there
B. Medical expirements at Auschwitz
C. Most visited camp of all
“Arbeit Macht Frei”- work will set you free. This is one of many ironic statements made throughout history. This one just happens to be one of the most ironic. Built by the Nazis as both a concentration and a death camp, Auschwitz was not a place that work would set you free. Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi camps, the most diverse and intricate camp of all, and the main center for the death of Jews during the Holocaust. Auschwitz was the largest of all the Nazi camps; it consisted of three main camps and thirty-seven sub camps. The three main camps all deployed incarcerated prisoner at forced labor, and one of them also functioned for an extended period of time as a killing center. The main camps were located somewhere around thirty-seven miles west of Krakow, an area that the Nazi’s annexed in early 1939 (“Auschwitz” United). The three main camps were Auschwitz I: Auschwitz II, also called Auschwitz-Birkenau: and Auschwitz III, also called Auschwitz-Monowitz (“Auschwitz Nazi”). Auschwitz I, the main camp, was the first camp established near Oswiecim (Rosenburg). The camp served three purposes, to incarcerate Sanders 3
real and perceived enemies of the Nazi regime and the German occupation authortites in Poland for a indefinite period of time, to have an available supply of forced laborers for deployment in SS-owned, construction related enterprises, and to serve as a sight to physically eliminate small, targeted groups of population whose death was determined by the SS and police authorities to be essential to the security of Nazi Germany (“Auschwitz” United). Auschwitz II was built in 1941 near Brezinka. Of the three camps, Auschwitz II had the largest population of prisoners. It was divided into more that a dozen sections all surrounded by electric barbed-wire fences, and patrolled heavily by SS guards. The camp had separate sections for women, children and men. Auschwitz II played a huge role in the plan to efface the Jews, as it was the first camp to be introduced to Zyklon B gas as a way to murder (“Aushwitz” United). Auschwitz III was established in October 1942 to house Jews assigned to work at the Buna Synthetic Rubber Works. It was the smallest camp of them all, but it did have one thing others did not, a Labor Education Camp for non-Jewish prisoner who were thought to have broke the German labor discipline rules (“Auschwitz” United). Sanders 4
Auschwitz also contained thirty-seven sub camps that were used for mainly agricultural goods. The sub camps that processed agriculture good were for Auschwitz II: while sub camps whose prisoners worked industrially and in armaments were for Auschwitz III. Some prisoners at sub camps were forced to work on farms, in coalmines, in store quarries, in fisheries, and in armaments. Those who were to weak or to sick to work were sent to Auschwitz II to be executed (“Auschwitz” United). At Auschwitz seven buildings were made as gas chambers. The first one was called “Crematory I” which was installed in the mortuary of the crematory. This gas chamber had one opening at the top for gas to be released through. The next two to be built, “Bunker I” and “Bunker II” were identical in looks. They...
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"Auschwitz." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 10 June 2013. Web. 16 Apr. 2014.
BBC News. "BBC TWO Unravels the Secrets of Auschwitz." BBC News. BBC, 3 Dec. 2004. Web. 25 Apr. 2014.
Curry, Andrew. "History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places | Smithsonian." History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places | Smithsonian. Smithsonianmag.com, Feb. 2010. Web. 23 Apr. 2014.
Rosenburg, Jennifer. "Auschwitz - A Closer Look at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp." About.com 20th Century History. About.com, 2014. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.
"The Seven Gas Chambers at Auschwitz." Auschwitz Gas Chambers.
Aktion Reinhard Camps, 2006. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
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