Auschwitz-Birkenau

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Auschwitz-Birkenau is located in Oswiecim, Poland. It was a concentration camp that was called “The Death Factory.” This complex was divided into three major camps: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II, , and Auschwitz III. Auschwitz became a huge source of slave labor locally and was used as an international clearing house. Of the 2.5 million people who were deported to Auschwitz, 405,000 were given prisoner status and serial numbers. From those people, around 50 percent were jews and the other 50 percent were Polish and other nationalities. Of those people who received numbers, 65,000 survived. About 200,000 people passed through the Auschwitz camps and survived. The estimated number of deaths were 2.1 to 2.5 million killed in gas chambers and of those, about 2 million were jews and Polish, Gypsies and Soviet …show more content…
From March 1944 to November 1944, when all the other death camps were abandoned, Birkenau had broken the record of all previous records for mass killing. The Hungarian deportations and the liquidation of leftover Polish ghettos, resulted in gassing about 585,000 Jews. This period made Auschwitz-Birkenau the most famous killing site of all time. In November, Himmler ordered gassings to stop, and a cleanup operation was set in order to get rid of the traces of the mass murder. In January 1945, the Germans evacuated 58,000 prisoners who could still walk. The Germans left behind about 7,000 sick or unable jews who they did not expect would live for long. When Soviet troops liberated Auschwitz on January 27,1945, they found poor looking survivors as well as 836,525 items of women’s clothing, 348,820 items of men’s clothing, 43,525 pairs of shoes and a majority of toothbrushes, glasses, and other personal things. They also found 460 artificial limbs and seven tons of human hair shaved from Jews before they were murdered. The human hairs were used by a company called “Alex Zink” to make

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