Approaches to learning: how different approaches to learning can affect students success in higher education.
Date: 24th November, 2013 Firstly, learning is the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, practice, or study, or by taught. It is a way by which knowledge is acquired. On the other hand, approaches to learning describe what students do when they go about learning and why they do it. Approaches to learning are divided into two groups; the deep approach to learning and the surface approach to learningi.so do the different approaches to learning affect the success of the student in higher education? Yes! They do.
Surface approach to learning Students who take a surface approach to learning tend to be those who see education solely as something necessary for career success ii. The surface approach to learning is related to aspects marked by an intention to complete the task (or learning) requirements. Specifically there is a focus on the 'signs' such as the text itself and on discrete elements, along with the memorisation of information and procedures for assessment. Also evident is the unreflective association of concepts and facts; a failure to distinguish principles from evidence or new from old; the treatment of the task as an external imposition and finally external emphasis, such as the demands of the assessment and knowledge remaining separate to everyday reality ii Deep approach to learning Simply stated, deep learning involves the critical analysis of new ideas, linking them to already known concepts and principles, and leads to understanding and long-term retention of ideas so that they can be used for problems solving in unfamiliar contextiii.deep learners are interested in their subjects, and are more motivated by curiosity and a desire to learn than by the promise of high grades or success in exams – they feel a “need-to-know”iv.They are intellectually curious of deep approach to learning. Deep learners