Method based on memorization such as rehearsal and rote learning Main article: Rote learning
Memorization is the process of committing something to memory. The act of memorization is often a deliberate mental process undertaken in order to store in memory for later recall items such as experiences, names, appointments, addresses, telephone numbers, lists, stories, poems, pictures, maps, diagrams, facts, music or other visual, auditory, or tactical information. Memorization may also refer to the process of storing particular data into the memory of a device. One of the most basic approaches to learning any information is simply to repeat it by rote. Typically this will include reading over notes or a textbook, and re-writing notes. Methods based on communication skills e.g. reading and listening The weakness with rote learning is that it implies a passive reading or listening style. Educators such as John Dewey have argued that students need to learn critical thinking - questioning and weighing up evidence as they learn. This can be done during lectures or when reading books.
A student of the University of British Columbia studies for his final exams using the PQRST method. One method used to focus on key information when studying from books is the PQRST method. This method prioritizes the information in a way that relates directly to how they will be asked to use that information in an exam. PQRST is an acronym for Preview, Question, Read, Summary, Test. Preview: The student looks at the topic to be learned by glancing over the major headings or the points in the syllabus. Question: The student formulates questions to be answered following a thorough examination of the topic(s). Read: The student reads through the related material, focusing on the information that best relates to the questions formulated earlier. Summary: The student summarizes the topic, bringing his or her own understanding into the process. This may include written notes,...
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