AP GOV

Topics: President of the United States, Supreme Court of the United States, United States Constitution Pages: 2 (250 words) Published: March 26, 2014
UNIT 5 STUDY GUIDE – INSTITUTIONS OF NATIONAL GOVERNMENT Know the following concepts for the Unit 5 Test. Chapters 11-14 will be covered, as well as any class notes, discussions, assignments, and homework. I’ve divided them into general categories, but understand that each branch overlaps with others throughout, many times in a significant way. GENERAL

Powers given to each branch in the Articles of the Constitution Amendments to the Constitution – know the major ones discussed Term lengths and election/nomination requirements for each branch, including bureaucracy Purpose & Constitutional duties of legislators, president, vice president, court justices

CONGRESS
Positions in Congress
Party affiliation/partisanship in Congress for committees and leadership Delegate vs. Trustee model of legislature
Logrolling & Riders
Features of Congress
Implied vs. enumerated powers
Committees – standing, joint, conference, special
How does a Bill become a Law?
House & Senate vote requirements for passage – treaties, nominees, impeachment, etc. Reapportionment and gerrymandering
Motions for cloture
Filibuster
Legislative oversight

EXECUTIVE – PRESIDENCY AND BUREAUCRACY
Executive privilege, executive order, executive agreement
Pocket veto
Presidential ticket
Impeachment
Electoral College
State of the Union
Executive Office of the President
Office of Management and Budget
Rally points
White House management models – collegial, competitive, hierarchical Bureaucratic positions (in general)
Bureaucratic agencies – independent agencies, government corporations, departments, etc. Spoils system vs. merit system

JUDICIAL
Process for confirming federal judges
Different types of U.S. Courts – district court, appellate court, etc. Judicial review
Notable Supreme Court cases & precedents
Stare decisis
Habeas corpus
Civil vs. Criminal Law
Judicial activism vs. judicial restraint
Writ of certiorari
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