Original scientific paper
The Efficiency Of Message Codification Level in Print Advertisements: The case of food and drink products or service
Authors: Uroš Nedeljković 1, Ivan Pinćjer 1, Gojko Vladić 1
Faculty of Technical Sciences, Graphic Engineering and Design, Novi Sad, Serbia
Corresponding author: Uroš Nedeljković, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
It has been our intention through this paper to evaluate the efficiency of chosen encoding messages in print ads for food and drink, so we have conducted the survey with 28 respondents. The respondents have been asked to assess their own emotions to ads from questionnaire by using Self Assessment Manikin scale (SAM). Ads have been divided into conventional and unconventional ads according to the classification based on the levels of codification by Umberto Eco. The comparison of responses to these two types of advertisements through SAM results and conducted by ANOVA, shows significant differences in judgment of pleasure and judgment of arousal between conventional and unconventional group of ads. Post hoc analysis has shown which of the ads contributed to differences between two groups. The results confirm the hypothesis that the print ads for the food and drink products or service which are coded in the conventional manner provokes recipients better than the ads coded with dominance of the tropological or topical content. The reason for that comes from the fact that appealing with the gastronomic icons on recipient cause the affective response of their innate instincts and tendencies .
Key words: Self Assessment Manikin scale, ANOVA, advertisement, tendencies.
Between categories of recipient and consumer is the entity that according to its motor and psychophysical constitution represents a complex value composed of a multitude of layered sensors of which, each for itself and in each
References: signify-and are read”.(Scott 1994) There was no question if advertisers should use visual rhetoric, but how they should use it in this specific advertising theme. McDougall, W. (1926) An Introduction to Social Psychology (Revised Edition) Nedeljković, M. (2001) Marketinški priručnik, Serbia, Novi Sad, Dnevnik novine i časopisi. Rot, N. (1968) Socijalna psihologija, Serbia, Beograd, Rad. Scott, L.M. (1994) Images in Advertising: The Need for a Theory of Visual Rhetoric, The Journal of Consumer Research, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Sep., 1994), pp Barthes, R.(1981), Retorika slike, (Original Title: “Rhetoric of the Image”, 1977.) Zbornik radova Eco, U. (1973) Kultura komunikacija informacija, (Original Title: “La Struttura Assente”,1968), Bonsiepe, G. (1965) Visual/Verbal Rhetoric, Ulm: Journal of the Ulm School of Design, 14/15/16, pp Maslow, A. H. (1943) A theory of human motivation, Psychological Review, Vol 50(4), Jul Poels, K. Dewitte, S. (2006) How to capture the heart? Reviewing 20 years of emotion Bradley, M.M. and Lang, P.J. (1994) Measuring emotion: The self-assessment manikin and the Holbrook, M. Batra, R. (1991) Consumer Responses to Advertising: The Effects Research, Vol. 17, No. 4 (Mar., 1991), pp. 440-453 Russel, J 39, No. 6, 1161-1178 Mehrabian, A., & Russell, J.A