ADOLESCENTS’ HIGH-RISK SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELLING
Dr. Aneke, Cordelia Ijeoma
Dr. Anya, Chidimma Adamma
Department of Educational Foundations
University Of Lagos
Adolescent sexuality has been viewed from a negative perspective due in part to the adolescent’s high-risk sexual behaviour and its associated unpalatable outcomes. The paper aims at identifying the relative causes and consequences of adolescents’ high-risk sexual behaviour among SS2 students of selected secondary schools in Enugu State metropolis. The sample consisted of 150 SS2 students randomly selected from three schools from Enugu East Local Government Areas (LGAs). A researcher-constructed Questionnaire was used to collect data to test two hypotheses formulated for the study. The data was tested with Pearsons product moment and a t-test statistics. The findings show that there is a significant relationship between adolescence high-risk sexual behaviour and their exposure to STIs as well as a significant gender differences in their risky sexual behaviour. It was recommended that intervention programmes from counsellors, parents, and stakeholders are needed as remedy.
Keywords: Adolescents, Sexual abuse, risky-sexual behaviours, STIs
From Aristotle's early treatises on sexual desire to Sigmund Freud's theories of psychosocial development, adolescent sexuality has been a controversial topic for virtually every generation. As the 21st century unfolds, society will continue to be challenged by adolescent sexual behaviour and its consequences (Forcier & Garofalo, 2012). Although healthcare givers often discuss adolescent sexuality in terms of "risk", it is important to remember that sexuality, sexual behaviours, and sexual relationships are very important part of human development. As children emerge into adolescence, their developing gender identity shapes whom they interact and associate with, especially their peers who weld a lot of influence on them (Omoegun,1998). Kohlberg’s theory of moral development states that moral thinking changes as the children mature. Also, at the onset of puberty, sexual feelings increases with the development of sex glands and organs, hence the adolescent require information relating to sexuality. Parents and teachers are expected to take cognisance of these changes thereby assist them to shape their beliefs on sexual matters. Adolescence as one of the most important stages in life has been defined as the transitional phase of human growth and development, a stage between the childhood and adulthood where a juvenile individual matures to an adult. This period has been identified to consist of dramatic transformations accompanied by several physiological, sexual behavioural, emotional and psychological changes; depressions, anxiety, restlessness and several other obsessions are reasonably observable during adolescence (Omoegun,1998). This transition stage, between the ages of 10 to 19 by World Health Organization (WHO),13 to 19(US) and 12 to 21 (Brown, Berrier & Russel,2000), put the adolescent in a dilemma of how to adhere to the societal expectations. Thus, they are confronted with numerous developmental and adjustments challenges, whereby sex issues are the most prominent challenge (Omoegun, 1998). During this stage the adolescents are very curious about the opposite sex and sexual craze is highly developed which often leads to several undesirable challenges. Olugbenger, Adebimpe & Abodunrin (2009) assert that, majority of these teenagers over express their sexual desires; engage in a spectrum of sexual behaviours ranging from fantasy and self- stimulation to various forms of intercourse. This group of individuals are often known...
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