top-rated free essay

Adjectives and Adverbs - Essay

By gohumi Mar 14, 2012 619 Words
Adjectives and adverbs
Many languages, including English, distinguish between adjectives, which qualify nouns and pronouns, and adverbs, which modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Not all languages have exactly this distinction and many languages, including English, have words that can function as both. For example, in English fast is an adjective in "a fast car" (where it qualifies the noun car), but an adverb in "he drove fast" (where it modifies the verb drove). Determiners

Main article: Determiner (linguistics)
Linguists today distinguish determiners from adjectives, considering them to be two separate parts of speech (or lexical categories), but formerly determiners were considered to be adjectives in some of their uses. In English dictionaries, which typically still do not treat determiners as their own part of speech, determiners are often recognizable by being listed both as adjectives and as pronouns. Determiners are words that are neither nouns nor pronouns, yet reference a thing already in context. Determiners generally do this by indicatingdefiniteness (as in a vs. the), quantity (as in one vs. some vs. many), or another such property. Form

A given occurrence of an adjective can generally be classified into one of four kinds of uses: 1.Attributive adjectives are part of the noun phrase headed by the noun they modify; for example, happy is an attributive adjective in "happy people". In some languages, attributive adjectives precede their nouns; in others, they follow their nouns; and in yet others, it depends on the adjective, or on the exact relationship of the adjective to the noun. In English, attributive adjectives usually precede their nouns in simple phrases, but often follow their nouns when the adjective is modified or qualified by a phrase acting as an adverb. For example: "I saw three happy kids", and "I saw three kids happy enough to jump up and down with glee." See also Postpositive adjective. 2.Predicative adjectives are linked via a copula or other linking mechanism to the noun or pronoun they modify; for example, happy is a predicate adjective in "they are happy" and in "that made me happy." (See also: Predicative (adjectival or nominal), Subject complement.) 3.Absolute adjectives do not belong to a larger construction (aside from a larger adjective phrase), and typically modify either the subjectof a sentence or whatever noun or pronoun they are closest to; for example, happy is an absolute adjective in "The boy, happy with his lollipop, did not look where he was going." 4.Nominal adjectives act almost as nouns. One way this can happen is if a noun is elided and an attributive adjective is left behind. In the sentence, "I read two books to them; he preferred the sad book, but she preferred the happy", happy is a nominal adjective, short for "happy one" or "happy book". Another way this can happen is in phrases like "out with the old, in with the new", where "the old" means, "that which is old" or "all that is old", and similarly with "the new". In such cases, the adjective functions either as a mass noun (as in the preceding example) or as a plural count noun, as in "The meek shall inherit the Earth", where "the meek" means "those who are meek" or "all who are meek". Adjectival phrases

Main article: Adjectival phrase
An adjective acts as the head of an adjectival phrase. In the simplest case, an adjectival phrase consists solely of the adjective; more complex adjectival phrases may contain one or more adverbs modifying the adjective ("very strong"), or one or more complements (such as "worth several dollars", "full of toys", or "eager to please"). In English, attributive adjectival phrases that include complements typically follow their subject ("an evildoer devoid of redeeming qualities

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Adverb & Adjective

    ...ADVERB An adverb is a modifying part of speech. It describes verbs, other adverbs, adjectives, and phrases. They are used to describe how, where, when, how often and why something happens. CATEGORIES OF ADVERB 1. GENITIVE: In Old and Middle English, the genitive case was productive, and adverbial genitives were commonplace. While Mod...

    Read More
  • Adjective and Adverbs

    ...typological features of adjectives and adverbs in English and in Armenian. The general meaning peculiar to English adjectives is that of property. For example, adjectives can give us information about: Quality: a beautiful dress, a nice day ...

    Read More
  • Adjectives and Adverbs

    ...Adjectives Adjectives Modify Nouns • Adjectives are placed directly before a noun: Examples: Tom is an excellent singer. I bought a comfortable chair. She's thinking about buying a new house. • Adjectives are also used in simple sentences with the verb 'to be'. In this case, the adjective describes the ...

    Read More
  • Adjectives: Adverb and Descriptive Adjective Noun

    ...Adjectives: Limiting A limiting adjective, rather than describing a noun, defines it. To put it more simply, limiting adjectives either point out or set a numerical limit to the noun. These limiting adjectives are grouped into three classes of limiting adjectives: Descriptive adjective Noun an adjective that ascribes to its noun...

    Read More
  • Adverbs

    ...An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as "how," "when," "where," "how much". While some adverbs can be identified by their characteristic "ly" suffix, most of them must be identified by untangling the grammatic...

    Read More
  • Nouns, Pronouns, Adverbs and Adjectives

    ...close to antecedent. Example: The ground which we dig will bear a fine crop. Adjective Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. Note: Articles i.e. The, A, An are all adjectives. Examples: the tall professor the lugubrious lieutenant a solid commitment a month's pay a six-year-old ch...

    Read More
  • Adjectives. Essay

    ...Adjectives Jennifer (Jennie) Levengood Com: 321 Communication Theory Enrique Vasquez October 7, 2012 Adjectives When it comes to describing the people in my life I find that certain adjectives fit them better than others since, I tend to follow the old adage” Never judge a book by its cover.” Personal constructs tend to deal wi...

    Read More
  • Knowing the difference of adverbs and adjectives

    ...When avoiding confusing between adverbs and adjectives, I try to remember that adjectives describe something or someone, and adverbs describe somehow. Adverb also has the word "verb" in it, which makes it a lot easier to remember! Adverbs describe how someone does something, or how a verb is being done. For example, "My new puppy quickly ran up ...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.