Mesopotamia was the world's first civilization--the first time people settled down to live together in one place. They didn't have to rely only on hunting and gathering to get food because they knew how to farm and could save up food for the winter. Since they had so much extra time now (the time they used to spend hunting animals and gathering plants), this allowed them to begin creating objects and ideas to help them live a little easier.
This slideshow will demonstrate some of Mesopotamia's most important inventions and achievements. Some of them may surprise you! You've used at least one of them already today. You can click the play button to watch the slideshow, or you can use the thumbnails at the bottom to change the picture when you are ready. The biggest achievement of ancient Mesopotamia was the development of a system of writing. They developed cuneiform writing and were very advanced in a literary sense given the time period. Mesopotamia also had early advancements in the ideas of creating a legal system with their code of laws called the Hammurabi. It should also be noted that Mesopotamia was the first civilization to begin using irrigation practices for their agriculture. His civilizations of Ancient Mesopotamia brought many important advances in the areas of science and technology.
Perhaps the most important advance made by the Mesopotamians was the invention of writing by the Sumerians. Go here to learn more about Sumerian writing. With the invention of writing came the first recorded laws called Hammurabi's Code as well as the first major piece of literature called the Epic Tale of Gilgamesh.
Although archeologists don't know for sure who invented the wheel, the oldest wheel discovered was found in Mesopotamia. It is likely the Sumer first used the wheel in making pottery in 3500BC and then used it for their chariots in around 3200 BC.
The Mesopotamians used a number system with the...
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