Czar Nicholas II
Last czar of Russia
-Was a harsh and weak ruler.
-The Russia economy was bankrupt because of the Russo-Japanese war and WWI Russia's entry into WWI became very unpopular.
Russia and WWI
-RUSSIA DECLARED WAR ON AUSTRIA-Hungary
-War becomes unpopular
-Rationing leads to starvation
-Nicholas II leaves St. Petersburg to war front and loses battle.
-1917- protest spread through St. Petersburg and the royal palace is taken over. -Czar abdicates
-Provisional government ( Duma ) takes control lead by Alexander keresnky. -Provisional gov unpopular after decision to stay in WWI
October ( Bolshevik ) revolution- 1917
-Bolshevik are Marxist ( communists )
-Lead by VI Lenin " peace,land,and bread"
-Won support of people ( especially peasants )
-1918 march the Bolshevik accepts the peace of Brest litovsk, ending WWI with Germany. -Lenin wanted to concentration on affairs in Russia.
-Although Lenin and the Bolsheviks are in control of the Russian government they are challenged by the menchevicks and royalists. -The menchevicks and royalists form the white army.
-Bolshevik are finally able to defeat the white armies.
Rule of Lenin 1920-1924
-Redistribute land from large land owners to peasants .
-Economic reforms included the new economic plan( NEP)
*moderate mix of capitalism and socialism
*Bolshevik party became communist party
*Russia becomes the united soviet socialist
-Republics(sort of like the United States)
Communism V.S Capitalism
A system in which goods are owned in common and are available to all as needed. -Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels popularize communism with the "communism manifesto". -In a communist system economic activity is planned so everyone is equal no one earns more than anyone else. -No private property
-Economic activity is controlled by "invisible hand" of supply and demand. -Private property is the basis...
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