Quiz 1 Review

Topics: Logic, Reasoning, Argument Pages: 5 (1392 words) Published: October 4, 2013
COMM212 Quiz 1 Review Sheet
50 multiple-choice questions, 2 points each. Questions are from the text. Choose the best answer Chapter 1

1. Know and be able to differentiate between all these definitions: argumentation, argument, advocacy, power, public discourse, pluralistic culture, values, rule of reason, and procedures. Argumentation: the cooperative activity of developing and advancing arguments and of responding to the arguments of others. Argument: a claim advanced with a reason or reasons in its support. Advocacy: the activity of producing or opposing an idea in public settings. “ex: a recycling should be mandatory” power: plays in democratic decision-making process; the capacity to wield influence, to shape important decisions that affect the lives of others. Public discourse: open discussion of those issues that potentially affect everyone, power also need not to have the last word. Pluralistic culture: a society composed of groups who see the world from different perspectives, value different activities, hold disparate religious beliefs, and aspire to different goals. Values: deeply held a moral commitments acquired from family, cultural background, religious training, and personal experience. “ex: values for privacy, free speech and so on. Rule of reason: the agreement to engage in the cooperative process of argumentation rather than to resolve disagreement by other means. Procedures: the rules or guidelines according to which argumentation will take place.

2. Be able to identify the forms or methods of expression people can use to present arguments.

3. Know the three things that arguments do. 1. We develop arguments when we want to persuade. 2. We develop arguments to justify our positions on issues, learn new things. 3. We use arguments as a means of inquiry.* not just logic but our beliefs, values and commitments.

4. Know the basic agreements that need to be in place for argumentation: The rule of reason, the agreement to engage in the cooperative process of argumentation rather than to resolve disagreement by other means. Argumentation also involves agreement about procedures, the rules or guidelines according to which argumentation will take place.

Chapter 2

1. Know the definitions and be able to identify all the following terms: claim: a statement the advocate believes or is in the process of evaluating-when someone makes an argument that someone is advancing a claim. Reason: a statement advanced for the purpose of establishing a claim. Conclusion: a claim that has been reached by the process of reasoning. Case: a series of arguments, all advanced to support the same general contention or set of conclusions. Indicators: words and prases such as “because” “therefore” that provides important clues about the reasons and conclusions in an argument. Cues: in arguments are words or phrases that signal something, other than a reason or a conclusion about the content of an argument and reservations: a statement that acknowledges the existence of an argument, evidence, or an attitude opposing conclusion and being advanced.

2. Be able to identify/differentiate between statements of fact, value, and policy. Fact: a claim that can potentially be verified as either true or false. Proposition of facts: statements that report, describe, predict, or make causal claims. Value: statements that advance judgments about morality, beauty, merit, or wisdom. Policy: statements that urge an action can be taken or discontinued. *ex: you should recycle. Chapter summary: we all make and hear arguments, we need to develop and evaluate arguments effectively, we need to understand their nature and structure. Also, the relationships between reasons and conclusions that affect inferences. Indicators and cues play roles to help us ascertain the structure of an argument. Conclusions are categorized under three headings: propositions of fact, proposition of value, and policy. Chapter 3

1. Know the...
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