ppd 227 study guide

Topics: Real estate, Urban planning, Property Pages: 15 (3088 words) Published: February 24, 2014
PPD 227 Final Study Guide

· Urban Renewal (1949-1973)
The Housing Act of 1949 immediately ushered in the practice of "urban renewal," a government effort to reform and rejuvenate aging and decaying cities. This goal was primarily accomplished through the demolition of buildings, clearance of "slums," and relocation of peoples. The urban renewal efforts were exacerbated by the Housing Act's call to bring eminent domain into prevalence. This government practice spawned a series of economic, racial, and cultural reactions that shaped the way we live today. · Community Development (1974-present)

When Congress passed the Housing and Community Development (HCD) Act of 1974, it broke down the barriers of prevailing practice -- where under separate categorical programs, the Federal Government had made the decisions about every community development project undertaken by cities. The HCD Act departed from this model by creating the CDBG program. CDBG merged 7 categorical programs into a block of flexible community development funds distributed each year by a formula that considers population and measures of distress including poverty, age of housing, housing overcrowding, and growth lag. Grantees now determine what activities they will fund as long as certain requirements are met, including that each activity is eligible and will meet one of the three broad national objectives of the program. The focus switched from national to more local. · New urbanism / Traditional neighborhood design

New urbanism is an urban design movement which promotes walkable neighborhoods containing a range of housing and job types. It arose in the United States in the early 1980s, and has gradually informed many aspects of real estate development, urban planning, and municipal land-use strategies, New Urbanists support regional planning for open space, context-appropriate architecture and planning, and the balanced development of jobs and housing. They believe their strategies can reduce traffic congestion, increase the supply of affordable housing, and rein in suburban sprawl. · Smart Growth

= goal= stop sprawl: same tools, new strategies
(up)zoning for density
mixing uses (not separating)
targeting infrastructure for compact growth
public relations is key
voters need persuasion
sprawl is a useful villain
what’s different?
focus= existing communities, filling in
physical form: compact, diverse
planning process: fairness
serving all stakeholder groups
including developers
· Transit-oriented development is a mixed-use residential and commercial area designed to maximize access to public transport, and often incorporates features to encourage transit ridership. A TOD neighborhood typically has a center with a transit station or stop (train station, metro station, tram stop, or bus stop), surrounded by relatively high-density development with progressively lower-density development spreading outward from the center

-develop densely around public transit, increase ridership and efficiency, design is important
Emphasizes connections and opportunities
Make station walkable

· Public realm
Public realm is defined as any publicly owned streets, pathways, right of ways, parks, publicly accessible open spaces and any public and civic building and facilities. The public realm reaches all the way up to the front of buildings in local communities and cities; essentially anything that can be seen from the street is within the “public realm”.

· Public transit is a shared passenger transport service which is available for use by the general public, as distinct from modes such as taxicab, car pooling or hired buses which are not shared by strangers without private arrangement. However, taxicab is a form of public transport in Singapore.

· Private transportation
as opposed to public transport, is transportation service which is not available for use by the general public. Private transport is the dominant form of transportation...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Study guide Essay
  • Essay on Study of Blue Collar Salary Guides
  • study guide Essay
  • Essay on Study Guide
  • Study Guide Essay
  • study guide Essay
  • Study guide Essay
  • study guide Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free