PSY 235 EXAM #3
PREJUDICE STERETYPING & DISCRIMINATION
1. Prejudice: a generalized attitude toward members of a social group. 2. Differences between old-fashioned racism and modern racism 3. Aversive Racism: the explicit endorsement of racial equality accompanied by an unconscious harboring of negative feelings towards an ethnical group. 4. Ambivalent Sexism:
1) Hostile Sexism:
a) Women seek to control men through sexuality and feminist ideology. b) Negative attitude towards women who are viewed as taking power from men 2) Benevolent Sexism:
a) Women are pure creatures that need to be protected, supported and adored, and whose love is necessary to make a man complete. b) Positive attitude toward women who accept traditional gender roles. 5. Stereotypes:
a) Generalized beliefs about members of a social group.
b) Can be positive and negative.
c) We learned it from our environment
d) We have it because our short-cuts of processing information. 6. Differences b/ Implicit stereotypes and explicit stereotypes 1) Explicit: consciously aware of; verbally report
2) Implicit: not consciously aware of; e.g. aversive racism 7. Implicit Association Test: reaction time measure that access cognitive associations between social groups and stereotype content or positive/ negative evaluations. 8. ITA has been showed to predict:
1) Non-verbal behavior
2) Intention to vote for McCain or Obama
3) Physicians’ recommendations for medical treatments for heart conditions 4) Patients’ satisfaction with the patient–physician interaction 5) Hiring decisions
9. Discrimination: behaviors directed toward people on the basis of their group membership. 10. Stereotype threat: the fear that one might confirm the negative stereotypes held by other s toward one’s group. 11. Steele & Aronson:
1) Experiment about stereotype threat
2) Blacks and whites, difficult exams...
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