Physical Education 2
Rhythm and Dance
* The word “Dance” comes from the Greek word “damson” which means “to stretch”. All dancing made up of stretching and relaxing. * Dance of many types is the physical expression of rhythm and music. * it is the pure expression of the dancers’ thoughts and feeling. * It is the union of movements in rhythm and arts of life. * It is man’s primitive and natural ways of self-expression * Its fundamental movement comes from man’s basic movements.
Phases of Dance
1. Folk dance - the traditional dance of an indigenous society that depicts cultural characteristics of a specific people of a given time and space. 2. Ethnic dance - these dances reflect the peculiar characteristic of specific tribes specially their cultural; racial; religious and traditional similarities. Although the movements patterns are not specific this dance seldom classified as a folk dance. 3. National dance - this refer to the types of folkdance found most widely done in a specific country. Some examples are England Virginia reel. Italy’s Trantella, Scotland’s Highland fling, or Philippine Tinikling and Carinosa 4. Natural dance - this refers to a type of dance, which makes use of the basic locomotor and axial movements. 5. Creative dance - the highest form of dance for the purpose of entertainment. It is the end product of exploration and improvisation of movements as the dancer or choreographer expresses feelings or emotions, ideas and interpretation. It is a defined form, beginning and ending. 6. Gymnastics dance - this form of dance appeals to the more skillful performance specially the boys, because of the stunts elements present. Interest is maintained by vigorous movements. Participants experience tremendous satisfaction. 7. Social/ballroom dance - this includes the wholesome and artistic form of dancing used for recreation purposes. Fundamental movements are given as preparation for ballroom dancing. 8. Modern Jazz - this is a deviation from the traditional ballet by young American dancers who gradually introduced whole technique of dance movements based on ideas that such movements begin at the center of the body and follow sequentially out to the limbs. This is a contrast to the classical or traditional ballet. 9. Recreational dance - this includes dance mixers, square dance and round or couple. Many of these dances have simple dance patterns based on combination of walking step. 10. Singing dance - valuable activities depict the early years of the life of a child. The dance step require simple technique skill but give a lot of training in developing the sense of rhythm. They combine movements and singing done in rhythm.
Elements of Rhythm
2. Rhythmic Patterns
Elements of movement space
1. Direction - directions is the line of movements taken which may be forward, backward, sideward, diagonal, upward or a combination of those mentioned 2. Level - is movements through space that may be done at a high, low, or medium level. 3. Range - it refers to the area covered as the body moves. It may be small as when the movements is done in one’s place; or large movements covers a wide area as when getting away one’s place. 4. Floor pattern - the path or design on floor that is made while moving in space is what is termed as floor patterns. It may take a form of circle, square, straight line, or zigzag.
A. Time qualities - fast and slow
B. Force qualities - soft high, strong heavy , smooth
A. Movement up and down
B. Movement across, back and forth, or around
C. Movements which is slow
D. Movements which is high
The Basic Natural Movements
1. Locomotor Movements - are those that moves the body in space in any direction with the feet as the moving base. Example : walking,...
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