Alcohol Addiction and Abuse Study Guide

Topics: Alcoholism, Alcohol abuse, Alcoholic beverage Pages: 9 (1741 words) Published: May 29, 2014
Alcohol Addiction and Abuse
Guided Notes

What Is A Standard Drink?
The amount of liquid in your glass, can, or bottle does not necessarily match up to how much alcohol is actually in your drink Different types of beer, wine, or malt liquor can have very different amounts of alcohol content That’s why it’s very important to know how much alcohol your drink contains What Is A Standard Drink?

In the United States, one "standard" drink contains roughly ___ _____ of pure alcohol ___ _____ of Pure Alcohol Can Be Found In:
12 ounces of Regular BeerExample of One Standard Drink
About 5% alcohol
12 ounces of Light Beer
About 4.2% alcohol
5 ounces of Wine
About 12% alcohol
1.5 ounces of Distilled Spirits
About 40% alcohol
What Is A Standard Drink?
The "standard" drink amounts are helpful for following health guidelines, but they may not reflect customary serving sizes An Example:
A single mixed drink made with hard liquor can contain 1 to 3 or more standard drinks, depending on the type of spirits and the recipe Alcohol Is A _______
Alcohol is classified as a __________
Slows down _____ _________
Results In:
Slurred Speech
Unsteady Movement
Disturbed Perceptions
The Inability To React Quickly
Alcohol Use Disorders
_______ ____ _______, (AUD), are ________ conditions that doctors can diagnose when a patient’s drinking causes ________ or _______ In the United States, about ___ _______ people have an alcohol use disorder, and an estimated ___ of individuals with an AUD never seek treatment Alcohol Use Disorders

Alcohol use disorders are classified as either _______ ______ or _______ __________, which is better known as __________ __________ is one of the more serious of the disorders
What Is Alcohol Dependence or Alcoholism?
Alcohol Dependence (Alcoholism) consists of four symptoms:
Craving
Loss of Control
Physical Dependence
Tolerance
__________
A strong need, or a compulsion, to drink
______ ____ _________
The inability to limit one’s drinking on any given occasion _____________ _________________
Withdrawal Symptoms:
Nausea
Sweating
Shakiness
Anxiety
Occur when alcohol use is stopped after a period of heavy drinking Physical Dependence
Serious alcohol dependence can lead to ____-_________ withdrawal symptoms including __________ __________ start ___ to ___ ____ after the last drink
Physical Dependence
The ______ ______ (D.T.’s) begins ___ to ___ ___ later
The ______ ______ makes a person become extremely agitated, shakes, hallucinates, and loses touch with reality ____________
The need to drink greater amounts of alcohol in order to get high Tolerance
A person who is an increasingly heavy drinker often says that they can stop whenever they choose to, and just never “chooses” to stop ____________ of Alcohol Use Disorders
How do genes influence alcoholism?
Research shows that genes are responsible for about _____ of the risk for alcoholism Therefore, genes alone do not determine whether someone will become an alcoholic Environmental factors, as well as gene and environment interacts account for the remainders of the risk Genetics of Alcohol Use Disorders

Multiple genes play a role in a person’s risk for developing alcoholism. There are genes that ________ a person’s risk, as well as those that may ________ that risk, directly or indirectly An Example:

Some people of Asian descent carry a gene variant that alters their rate of alcohol metabolism, causing them to have symptoms like flushing, nausea, and rapid heartbeat when they drink. Many people who experience these effects avoid alcohol, which helps protect them from developing alcoholism How Alcohol Affects The Body

Alcohol is absorbed into the _________ through small blood vessels into the _____ of the stomach and ______ ________ Approximately ___ of alcohol is absorbed through the _______ Most of the remaining ___ is absorbed through the _____ ________ How Alcohol Affects The Body

Alcohol is also carried by the _________...
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