Theories of Personality
Theories of Personality, Seventh Edition
This book was printed on recycled paper.
performance of Gold Electronics employees and which organisational behavioural theories could be used to resolve the current situation. It uses a systematic approach of analysis, diagnosis and finally provides insight into possible solutions for identified situations.
2. Analysis and Diagnosis
Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 79 J.F.K. Street,
Cambridge, Massachusetts 02155, United States
Narcissism—a personalitytrait encompassing grandiosity, arrogance, self-absorption, entitlement, fragile self-esteem, and
hostility—is an attribute of many powerful leaders...
the “big picture” and avoid reductionism.
Apply – examine the theories in their social domain (in practice) for ecological validity
Accept Limitations – cannot “prove” anything
7. What Is Attribution Theory?
* How we understand the world around us
* How we assign causes...
can be tested by future empirical research. In the fourth section, we discuss the implications for theory and managerial practice as well as the limitations of this article and future research directions. The final section concludes this article with a brief summary. 2. Literature Review 2.1 Organizational...
2004 meeting of the Western Academy of Management, April 1- 4, Anchorage, Alaska
This study examines the effects of various personological traits on individuals’ reactions
to job dissatisfaction at differing levels of intensity. Our results indicate that the more
dissatisfied an individual...
affected positive mood after work and that the spillover of job satisfaction onto positive and negative mood was stronger for employees high in trait-positive and trait-negative affectivity, respectively. Results also revealed that the effect of mood at work on job satisfaction weakened as the time interval...
directions in the field, and research efforts have revitalized areas previously abandoned for apparent lack of consistency in findings (e.g., leadership trait theory). Our accumulated knowledge now allows us to explain the nature (including the biological bases) of leadership, its antecedents, and consequences...
p. 18). This “great man” hypothesis—that history
is shaped by the forces of extraordinary leadership— gave rise to
the trait theory of leadership. Like the great man theory, trait
theory assumed that leadership depended on the personal qualities
of the leader, but unlike the great man theory, it did...
the strengths and limitations of the nomothetic approach in the study of personality?
Gordan Allport (1934) identified both the idiographic and nomothetic approaches to personality testing. This essay will concentrate solely on the nomothetic approach and attempt to identify both the strengths and...
text archive of this journal is available at
Goal-setting in practice
The effects of personality and perceptions
of the goal-setting process on job satisfaction
and goal commitment
Tanja Bipp and Ad Kleingeld
Received 22 April 2008
is job specific;
(2) task performance is predicted mainly by ability,
whereas contextual performance is mainly
predicted by motivation a nd personality;
(3) task performance is in-role behavior and
part of the formal job-description, whereas
contextual performance is extra-role behavior
Motivation Understanding Personality, Values and more –Meaning of Personality, Definition of Personality, Personality: Selected views and Perspectives, Factors that shape personality, Difference in the Western and Indian perspectives on personality, Measurement of Personality ,Values and Emotional Intelligence:...
relevance of dispositional research in organisational behaviour. The dominant paradigm is Dispositional research. However more focus was given to one of its attributes – employee personality in organisations
Essence of dispositionalapproach is that the individuals possess stable traits that significantly...
puzzling to know why people differ in the way they view certain causes of events. Could this be something that is influenced by their different personalities? Some people may attribute a certain happening to their lives as consequences of their actions, but there are also some people who point towards...
verifiable observations that as basis for generating knowledge
Means orianted approach to managment in which it is regarded as a tattionally desigend tool tintended to achive objectives through the co-ordination of social action
of the frontal lobes, especially prominent in humans; important for attention, working memory, decision making, appropriate social behavior, and personality.
Components of the peripheral nervous system (PNS):
Somatic nervous system – transmits sensory signals and motor signals between the central...