There´s many a slip between the cup and the lip The Outliers exposes remarkable stories about successful people and goes behind the curtains... to highlight key events in the life of these individuals that led them to their good fortune. For the most part Mr. Gladwell thesis is pretty simple; in order to win the lottery you must first buy a lottery ticket. Of course the author wrote a book on this therefore he goes a lot more into detail on how and why was the ticket purchased, what ethnicities...
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Outliers Essay An Outlier is someone who stands out in a group due to their mastery of a certain skill and because of that... they are successful. According to Gladwell not anyone can become successful; it takes the right circumstances and opportunities. Human’s capability seems limitless, and if we put in the time and hard work we can achieve our goals. We as a society love to think that a person may become successful and that we all have the same opportunities and chance of succeeding if we...
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Francisco Ayala May 9, 2012 English 101 Outliers Malcolm Gladwell is a speaker, bestselling author, and Canadian journalist. He is a... writer for the New Yorker since 1996. Gladwell has four New York Times bestseller books he has written. Among one of those books is Outliers: The story of success (2008). Outlier, a nonfiction book, had to do with social psychology. Outlier is about the success of people who do not fit into our normal understanding of achievement. Gladwell points out that many...
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Outliers Book Analysis “Outliers: The Story of Success” by Malcolm Gladwell Abstract: Gladwell, M. (2008).... Outliers: The story of success. New York, NY: Little, Brown and Company. Outliers is a well written, fun, and easy to read book overall about success, and how particular factors can lend to one being successful. It details the success stories of many individuals such as The Beatles, Bill Gates, and Canadian Ice hockey players to name a few. The non-fiction book does an...
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Executive Summary The novel Outliers, aims to investigate the very thing we want for our family, our students, and ourselves. For most of... our lives we have believed that with hard work, anyone can achieve success. That had to be the reason that poor immigrants like Andrew Carnegie and college dropouts like Bill Gates achieved unimaginable wealth. Most of us were taught that working harder than anyone else would lead to ultimate success. While the author, Malcolm Gladwell, does not dispute...
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while others tend to struggle? Is it solely based off their intelligence or IQ? Opportunities? Race and culture? In Malcolm Gladwell’s “The Trouble with... Geniuses, Part 2” and “The Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes”, two chapters taken from his book Outliers: The Story of Success (2008), claims that there is a misunderstanding on what success is and how it can be achieved. Gladwell feels that the idea of having an extremely high IQ and success is faulty because there are various other factors to consider...
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people float magically and effortlessly to the top. Americans think that success comes naturally to those people. I, as well as the other Americans with... misconceptions about success, believed it was a majority of luck. In Malcolm Gladwell’s book Outliers, he suggested that there are many more components that determine one’s success besides just luck. Gladwell explains in detail that the community and culture that surrounds us, the right parenting styles, and the right amount of effort we put into...
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Outliers In life, all individuals want to stand out. They want to be the diamond in the rough, but only a few of them can ever be such a... thing. According to Malcolm Gladwell, in his book Outliers, he asserts that individuals who are granted opportunities and advantages, which not everybody is given by fate, are more successful. He implicates that opportunity, hard work, birthdate, 10,000 hours rule, and the background of the person are essential factors when being an outlier. Out of these...
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Malcom Gladwell’s Outliers Summary Gladwell’s Outliers started with the introduction of the Roseto Mystery in which he... presented the facts and findings of the physician, Stewart Wolf on how the Rosetans lived a life differently from Americans living in the city. Evidences and findings on how the Rosetans have a better life and little cases of heart diseases was not only due to the atmosphere of the place, the things they do, or the food they eat but simply the way Roseto is in which people greeted...
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David Berg 8/14/13 Outliers Outliers, is a book by Malcolm Gladwell, which is known as the book of success. This book explains... why some people succeed more than others and it even suggest that birth dates are a factor of success giving an example of Bill Gates and his success in Microsoft. If your are interested in why Asians are superior in math, or why the worlds smartest man has accomplished the least, this book has all the answers. The title says it all outliers means those persons of exceptional...
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Outliers: The Story of Success I believe that success comes with one’s own effort in the activities or resources provided. The United States... offers public schooling to everyone for free and it is up to the student to excel in academics. Moreover, public schooling offers extracurricular activities such as sports and fine arts. The United States facilitates success by providing kids with access to an education and extracurricular activities. The true challenge for an individual is to want to succeed...
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influence the results. Factors that will be considered are the gender of the student, whether the student is studying a double or single degree, the results... from the weekly quiz’s and the grade achieved on the mid semester report. The presence of outliers will be determined to help analyse the accuracy of the data. There are an infinite number of internal and external factors that contribute to the outcome of a single exam result. Beaty, & Barling (1982) explains how factors such as stress and anxiety...
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Outliers: Story of Success A Summary of the Literature Ebony K. Benton Southern University A&M Outliers: Story of... Success In the introduction of Outlier, the author, Malcom Gladwell, starts by explaining the definition of an outlier as a person, place, or theory that is prominently different from the norm. He explains this concept by describing a community of Italian immigrants from Roseto Valfortore, a small village in Italy, which migrated to the hillsides of Pennsylvania. There...
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repositories of information, storing huge amounts of persistent data. 3. Define each of the following data mining functionalities: characterization,... discrimination, association and correlation analysis, classification, regression, clustering, and outlier analysis. Give examples of each data mining functionality, using a real-life database that you are familiar with. * Characterization is a summarization of the general characteristics or features of a target class of data. For example, the characteristics...
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requires us to use another formula in JMP, which is as following: In the following the Excess Return Screened data is used to do the... outlier analysis. A look at the CC-Plot, The Box Plot and The M-Plot gives enough evidence that there are a quite an amount of outliers which seem critical for the ongoing analysis. I used the M-Plot to lasso out 195 outliers above the blue line. The next step in the Data Work-up procedure is an Event Check. I decided on doing on 911. To figure out whether to...
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players, fiction writers, ice skaters, concert pianists, chess players, master criminals, and what have you, this number comes up again and again.” This... is now what we call the 10,000 hour rule which has been popularized in Malcolm Gladwell’s book Outliers. Gladwell examined the factors that contribute to high levels of success. And to support this, he analyzed the lives of Bill Gates, The Beatles, Christopher Langan and J. Robert Oppenheimer. He also went through in the lives of Bill Joy and Wolfgang...
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and Diagrams to Test Hypothesis (Two sets of tick boxes for two different types of graphs). θθ Write down any tables/calculations you need to use for... drawing your graphs (e.g. frequency table with frequency densities, pie chart radius and angles, outliers for box plot). θθ Draw your graphs accurately. θθ Label your graphs. θθ Interpret your graphs – what do they tell you about the data? You’re aiming for sophisticated inferences! Use of Calculations to Test Hypothesis (Three sets of tick boxes...
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Arredondo 1 Maritza Arredondo AP English Language & Composition Mr.Malmed Ch. Thesis Supporting Evidence 1. | The thesis of... chapter one is how Gladwell proves the coming to success of the elite hockey players are majority ones born in the months of January, February, or March. They explain how their age and being born around that time of the year gives them advantages and most born earlier don’t have a big chance of making it to the big leagues. | * The roster...
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Student Name Professor Course Title Date The Review of the book: ‘Outliers: The Story of Success’ by Malcolm Gladwell The book by... Malcolm Gladwell is really a great story that might reveal the secrets of success. The author tries to understand the other possibilities of gaining success except the pure talent and innate ability. The main points of his book are the importance of hard work, the perfect timing which helps to appear at a right time in a right place. He also pays attention to...
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to all. But what if success was not attainable for all, regardless of work ethic and all other factors that may contribute to it. What if, based on... predetermined occurrences, success was easier for some to obtain because of those occurrences? The Outliers written by Malcolm Gladwell, is the author’s compiled study of success and how it very much so can be attributed to all of the normal factors (i.e. talent, work ethic, passion) but are also heavily influenced by the cultural and societal forces that...
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Xan Hawes Ms. Rigg/ Humanities May 15, 2014 Non-fiction Book Review Bibliographic Information: Gladwell, Malcolm. Outliers: The Story of... Success. New York: Little, Brown, 2008. Print. ISBN 978-0-316-01792-3 (hc) / 978-0-316-017933-0 (pb) Summary: Malcolm Gladwell uses individual stories of triumph to bring alive his assertions. Gladwell explains that success is not just about innate ability. It’s combined with a number of key factors such as opportunity, meaningful hard work (10,000 hours to gain...
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data. Data mining is practiced on static data collection, called ‘DATA WAREHOUSE’, rather than ‘online’ databases which keep on updating. 8 FORMS... OF DATA MINING CLASS DESCRIPTION ASSOCIATION ANAYLSIS CLASS DISCRIMINATION OUTLIER ANALYSIS CLUSTER ANALYSIS CLUSTER ANALYSIS 9 1) CLASS DESCRIPTION: Class description deals with identifying properties that characterize a given group of data items, whereas class discrimination deals with identifying properties...
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example with extreme outliers. In this research the outliers are defined as follows: Q1-1.5(IQR) is the level, below which a... movie will be considered as a Low Performance outlier Q3+ 1.5(IQR) is the level, above which a movie will be classified as a High Performance outlier. Number of Theaters Q3 + 1.5(IQR) = 2626.5 + 1.5(2626.5 - 45.75) = 6497.625 theaters No extreme outliers present in the data set...
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values. Once I had done this I tested for outliers. I did by doing the lower quartile- 1.5x the interquartile range. For south east this... was321-(1.5x481) whiich came to 321-721.5 whi gave me -400.5. this test shows me that the south east region had no outliers lower than the lower quartile-1.5xinterquartile range. I then did this for the upper quartile of the south east. I did 801+721.5 which gave me 1,522.5 showing me theat the south east region has outliers above. I then did the same calaculations...
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the 17 number is the median which must be 22. e. 7. ... f. Yes. Because there is an even number of observations below the median the first quartile might be an average between two numbers. g. IQR x 1.5 = 10 x 1.5 = 15. 20 15 = 5 30 + 15 = 45 46 is an outlier because it is more than 15 above the third quartile h. The mean is (16 + 20 + 22 + 30 + 46)/5 = 26.8 5. For the American League, the minimum is 35, the first quartile is 46, the median is 57.5, the third quartile is 68, and the maximum is 77...
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examining these plots from the combined data for Meyer and Trauth, there is presence of potential outliers in all the years. There is a... presence of potential outliers in all 5 years in Surround. On the other hand, they are only present in years 1985 and 1988 for Tri-County. For the potential outliers in Surround, they are all the maximum values of the bid price variable. However, Tri-County has a potential outlier in 1988 which is the minimum value of the bid price variable. Incumbency Rates 3a) ...
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Tutorial Week 2 Summary Measures for Numerical Variables Introduction In this week’s tutorial, we look at summarising a single numerical variable. There... are five (5) aspects that need to be investigated: average, spread, location, shape and outliers. You will complete some of the work by hand and the rest using Microsoft Excel. Specifically the aims of this tutorial are to: Produce frequency distributions and histograms for numerical data Calculate by pen-and-paper some of the standard summary...
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by destination GROUP 26 Page 12 QM PROJECT GROUP 26 Page 13 QM PROJECT Analysis: 1. From the above three graphs, we can infer that by... excluding the mathematical outliers, the distribution tends to move more towards being a standard normal distribution. 2. We see that, as we exclude the outliers, the Standard Deviation keeps on decreasing, thus giving us a more normal distribution. GROUP 26 Page 14 QM PROJECT REGRESSION ANALYSIS : GROUP 26 Page 15 QM PROJECT ...
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analysis Robyn R. Raszkowski Why clean your data? Screening process • Detect errors Missing data Outliers • Make sure data meets... assumptions for analysis Normality 2 Types of Screening 1. Preliminary data screening Screen one variable at a time on the entire data set before any analysis Today’s focus Steps 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Check for missing data Check for normality Remove outliers Check for normality again Transform data 2. In conjunction with statistical analysis Dependent on...
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Collection. Using secondary data for my project can save me time and is much easier to use rather than primary. The benefit of using primary is that not... only is it more accurate and reliable, I have collected the data myself and there will be no outliers that will be ignored and would avoid the investigation being bias. Primary data is the data that will be used in this project. I have decided to use primary data as it is much easier to avoid mistakes and can give us more accuracy within the collection...
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because of the outliers and skew. 3.61 The men’s histogram is roughly symmetric. The women’s histogram is bell-shaped except for the high-end... outlier, so it may be called right-skewed. Compare the medians and interquartile ranges because of the outlier for the women Median, 59.5, median, 55, men Men’s IQR=3.75. Women’s IQR=2. IQR may vary with different technology The measurement of 63 for the women was an outlier Both data sets are unimodal and roughly symmetric except for one larger outlier for women...
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the people in Washington D.C. are too young to be married or they are too busy in their professional lives to get married b) Midpoint falls between... 26 and 28. The spread is mainly between 20 and 34 while the 54 point can be considered as an outlier. 1.13 – a 1.14 – c 1.15 – b 1.16 – b 1.17 – b 1.18 – a 1.19 – c 1.20 – b 1.21 – b 1.22 – c 1.31 – a) Shape is symmetric, Center is 110 and the spread is 86-136 b) 62 students have score above 100, percentage = 62/78 = 79.4 ...
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hypothesis as I predicted that students in year 7 would be more successful at predicting lines than angles as I believed estimating cm as a measurement... seemed significantly easier than angle measurement. In the box and plot diagrams I excluded any outliers as it would mean that the scale would have had to be quite small, therefore the box plots would have had been extremely small disallowing me to make a clear, accurate comparison between both years. Also, it would have had been quite difficult to...
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developers is to apply modern pattern matching and visualization techniques to lessen the problem.(Richard William Adderley, 2001) Traditional data mining... techniques such as association analysis, classification and prediction, cluster analysis, and outlier analysis identify patterns in structured data. Newer techniques identify patterns from both structured and unstructured data. And other form of data mining such as crime data mining raises privacy concerns. However, researchers have developed various...
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Discussion of the Possible Outliers Table 7 shows the information as the following: Min 45.10 Q1 62.98 Q2 71.13 Q3... 76.22 Max 82.70 IQR 13.24 1.5* IQR= 19.86 3.0*IQR= 39.72 Outer Fence 1 = 23.26 Inner Fence 1 = 43.12 Inner Fence 2 = 96.08 Out Fence 2 = 115.94 • The value between Inner Fence 1 and Inter Fence 2 is mild outlier. • The value between Out Fence 1 and Out Fence 2 is extreme outlier. • There is no outlier. • The largest out fence is 115.94 on...
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know and underestimate what they don’t. Mediocristan and Extremistan One of the primary themes of the book is the distinction between Mediocristan and... Extremistan. Mediocristan involves normal distribution and Gaussian properties. In Mediocristan outliers are extremely rare. Several physical characteristics such as height or weight have a normal distribution. In Mediocristan, attributes are not scalable; everything is constrained by boundary conditions, time, etc. As a result there exist random...
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8, 29.5 Box plot for data: 2. C. Analysis: It is very interesting that the majority of respondents, both single and married, agreed that the ideal... marriage age is the mid to late 20’s. Singles had a wider range of ideal marriage age with a few outliers into the 40’s. I think this is because now-a-days some people do not see the high priority or need to get married. I see the ideal marriage ages for those who are single as “must be married by” age. If they do not get married by the date they sent...
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Also, there are only two outliers. We should also examine the distribution of field goal percentages through a boxplot: As seen in the... boxplot, the median field goal percentage is .436. The first and third quartiles are .4185 and .448, with a minimum and maximum of .38 and .522. The data is not normally distributed, but it is not far from that, despite its skew to the left. The mean is .435, which is fairly close to the media of .436. There are only three outliers. The second physical relationship...
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is not equidistant from the hinges, then the data is skewed. The ends of the vertical lines or "whiskers" indicate the minimum and maximum data values,... unless outliers are present in which case the whiskers extend to a maximum of 1.5 times the inter-quartile range. The points outside the ends of the whiskers are outliers or suspected outliers. • • • • Top 50% of the group (28 tests) which consume about more than 160 minutes time to conduct test on the car engine. They are presented by everything...
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Outlying observations: abs(rstandard(mod1))>3 3.101954930 TRUE 2011 Alabama is also the only outlier. This is an unsurprising find, as the... 2011 Alabama team was also the only influential observation. Treated equally, outliers will often have the largest impact on model fitting. Final model Selection: Mod12 was chosen as the final model, as it had the lowest AIC even after the removal of the outlier data point (2011 Alabama). Hosmer-Lemeshow Test for absolute fit: Result: p-value = 0.8589. Do...
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greatest value of the data sets. The horizontal axis must be large enough to encompass the number of box plots to be drawn. Draw the box plots. Construct... the boxes, insert median points, and attach upper and lower adjacent limits.. Identify outliers (values outside the upper and lower adjacent limits) with asterisks. Analyze the results. A box plot shows the distribution of data. The line between the lowest adjacent limit and the bottom of the box represent one-fourth of the data. One-fourth...
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Gladwell exclaims. "They believed in the eternal life of the written word!" "They confused puzzles and mysteries!" "They ate only one brand of ketchup! . . .... No wonder they perished!"” He has 4 books which are The Tipping Point (2000), Blink (2005), Outliers (2008), What the Dog Saw: And Other Adventures (2009). His ideas in his books, columns and in his speechs are generally known but non-anatomised ones enough. Actually he sells known ideas by garnishing them and making them different. As seen his...
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intelligence is a helpful key to getting what you want sort of like completing your dream to success. It is a trait that many do not possess. In order to... master anything successfully you have to practice it for at least ten thousand hours. In the book Outliers Gladwell talks about Daniel Levitin’s theory that in order to achieve mastery in any subject you have to practice it for ten thousand hours. In Vidal’s case working in customer service jobs for so long gave her an advantage. Before she got her job...
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Kelly Laverick December 2014 Bergeron AP English and Composition Outliers: The Story of Success Malcolm Gladwell wrote... Outliers to convey to readers the backgrounds and upbringings of those lucky few who have had such tremendous success and prosperty in their area of expertise and what it is that has helped them to be so fortunate. From how an ice hockey player’s birthday can affect his chances of making it to the pros, to how the Beatles extraordinary number of hours focused on performing...
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the Postgraduate Annual Research Seminar 2005 23 Outlier Detection Technique in Data Mining: A Research Perspective 1 M. O. Mansur,... 2 Mohd. Noor Md. Sap Faculty of Computer Science and Information Systems Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 1 2 mansurukm4@gmail.com, mohdnoor@fsksm.utm.my Abstract: While the field of data mining has been studied extensively, most of the work has concentrated on discovery of patterns. Outlier detection as a branch of data mining has many important...
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quartiles, hence the terms box-and-whisker plot and box-and-whisker diagram. Outliers may be plotted as individual points. Box plots display... variation in samples of a statistical population without making any assumptions of the underlying statistical distribution: box plots are non-parametric. The spacing's between the different parts of the box indicate the degree of dispersion (spread) and skewness in the data, and show outliers. Advantages and disadvantages HANDLES LARGE DATA EASILY - Due to the...
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“The outlier, in the end, is not an outlier at all.” Malcolm Gladwell’s, Outliers: The Story of Success, provokes... reconsideration of the meaning of intelligence and success by challenging the traditional definition and concept of each word. Gladwell’s extensive research within the fields of sociology, psychology, and social psychology display his credibility regarding his critical analysis on success and its causes. In Outliers, Gladwell examines individuals who have reached high levels of success...
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667 5 3 6 3 2.024 4.095 Female 5.867 6 5 7.5 2.5 1.846 3.410 Outliers: Male Female... 1.5*(IQR)=1.5*3=4.5 1.5*(IQR)=1.5*2.5=3.75 Q3+4.5=6+4.5=10.5 Q3+3.75=7.5+3.75=11.25 Q1-4.5=3-4.5=-1.5 Q1-3.75=5-3.75=1.25 Range: -1.5 to 10.5 Range: 1.25 to 11.25 No Outlier No Outlier Box and Whisker Plot Male: ...
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Data Screening The purpose of data screening is to: (a) check if data have been entered correctly, such as out-of-range values. (b) check for missing... values, and deciding how to deal with the missing values. (c) check for outliers, and deciding how to deal with outliers. (d) check for normality, and deciding how to deal with non-normality. 1. Finding incorrectly entered data ▪ Your first step with “Data Screening” is using “Frequencies” 1. Select Analyze --> Descriptive Statistics...
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Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………….2 2.0 Outlier………………………………………………………………………………………………………….3 3.0 Distribution of 1 year... returns……………………………………………………………………….4 4.0 Bivariate/Trivariate analysis…………………………………………………………………………5 4.1 Impact of investment type…………………………………………………………………...5 4.2 Impact of 3 year returns……………………………………………………………………….6 4.3 Impact of 3 year returns and investment type………………………………………7 5.0 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………………………7 List of tables Table.1 Outlier found in the...
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explanation of what the descriptive statistics tell us about the motion picture industry. 2. Use the z-score to determine which movies, if any, should be... considered high-performance outliers in each of the four variables. If there are any outliers in any category, please list them and state for which category they are an outlier. Describe which method you used to make your determination. 3. Descriptive statistics (correlation coefficient) showing the relationship between total gross sales and each of the...
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means the data has a huge spread and the same can be verified from coefficient of variation which is even more than 41%. Besides, as can be seen from... graphical plot and the positive skewness (0.87) measure, the data is skewed towards right. Also, the outliers present towards the right end indicate the presence of few extremely high valued houses, due to which average price of houses is higher than the median price. The highest density of data is present in two lower quartiles, as can be seen from box...
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were calculated to two or more decimal places, data will be more precise, showing the differences and variety of data. Discussion of... Outliers I drew many box and whisker plots (in Appendix) to see the distribution of data in each statistics. Fathom box and whisker plots showed that there are many outliers for each statistics. I could have eliminated all the outliers and draw the scatter plots once again for better correlation. But I quickly abandoned this idea because it is going to distort the proof...
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differing opinions on what an outlier would look like but the author, Malcolm Gladwell, of the book, Outliers, The Story of... Success, defines it by the book. It says, “Something that is situated away from or classed differently from a main or related body. A statistical observation that is markedly different in value from the others of the sample.” Gladwell uses this definition as a baseline for the rest of his intriguing book. Gladwell gives us plenty of examples of known outliers in the world and through...
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investment strategy and three-year return have slight and weak effects on one-year return. Table of... Contents Executive Summary Table of Contents Table of figures 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Outliers 3.0 Historical Data 4.0 One-year return 5.0 Impacts on one-year return 6.0 Conclusion 7.0 Appendix Table of figures Figure 1: Figure 1 the change of annual return rate from 1997 to 2011 Figure 2: Distributions of current data...
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Many people are devoting themselves to researching the reasons why a small number of people become more successful than others in their working over the... years. Malcolm Gladwell’s book, Outliers, points out three main factors that an individual must possesses to be excellent: qualifying enough specialized knowledge by doing mass exercise, being in the proper environment in the proper era and being influenced by family members or national culture. In my point of view, a lot of expertise is the basic...
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PERFORMED: 29 JANUARY 2015 ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS: 1. Give the significance of the Grubb’s Test. Grubb’s test is a test performed that... utilizes the sample mean (), the standard deviation(s), and the suspected data ( to test for an outlier. Outliers are specific data that appear outside the data range. They have the ability to drastically lower the precision as well the accuracy of the result by moving/shifting the mean and standard deviation towards itself. They are often results of miscalculation...
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products can be found. Marketing activities can be linked to results to see how well the campaigns are working. Managers are better able to put the right... resources at the right place at the right time. Data analytics can also be used to flag data outliers and suspicious activities. IT at Work 1.2 Federal Cloud Computing Strategy Questions 1. Why did the federal government shift to the cloud? The Federal government shifted to the cloud to reduce the cost of Federal Information Technology systems while...
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There is a big range of different ages in the observations, what tells us that having a bicycle accident isn’t directly related to the age of the driver. The... median is 22 in the 46th and 47th observations, it turns out to be the same even using the outlier or not. The mid-range is 47 years old, it is much higher than the mean and the median, so it isn’t really a good representative value. The group of age affected more severely by bicycle accidents is the group between 10 and 19 years old, they are...
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