Violence’ For if violence is a means, a criterion for criticizing it might seem immediately available. It imposes itself in the question... whether violence, in a given case, is a means to just or an unjust end. A critique of it would then be implied in a system of just ends. This, however, is not so. For what such a system, assuming it to be secure against all doubt, would contain is not a criterion for violence itself as a principle, but, rather, the criterion for cases of its use. The question would...
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ABC analysis is a well known and practical classification of inventory items based on the Pareto principle. The purpose of ABC analysis is to classify the... inventory into different groups of A, B, or C, according to importance based on measure of a criterion. Traditionally, the classification of inventory into the A, B, or C categories have generally been based on dollar value per unit multiplied by annual usage rate, commonly known as dollar usage. In recent years, several multi criteria inventory classification...
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) t sin ( at ) sin ( at ) - at cos ( at ) cos ( at ) - at sin ( at ) sin ( at + b ) sinh ( at ) e at sin ( bt ) e at sinh ( bt ) t ne at , n = 1, 2,3,K uc (... t ) = u ( t - c ) Heaviside Function F ( s ) = L { f ( t )} 1 s n! s n +1 Table of Laplace Transforms f ( t ) = L -1 {F ( s )} F ( s ) = L { f ( t )} 1 s-a G ( p + 1) s p +1 1 × 3 × 5L ( 2n - 1) p 2n s 2 s 2 s + a2 s2 - a2 2 n+ 1 2. 4. 6. 8. 2 e at t p , p > -1 t n- 1 2 p 2s a 2 s + a2 2as 2 3 2 , n = 1, 2,3,K ...
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Laplace Transformation Laplace transformation is a Mathematical tool which can be used to solve several problems in science and... engineering. The transformed was first introduced by Pierre-Simon Laplace a French Mathematician, in the year 1790 in his work on probability theorem. Application of Laplace Transform The Laplace transform technique is applicable in many fields of science and technology such as: Control Engineering Communication Signal Analysis and Design Image Processing System...
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How to Calculate the Laplace Transform of a Function TerminologySolving the transformDiscontinuous FunctionsUsing Properties of... Laplace Transforms Edited by Caidoz, Flickety, Zareen, Garshepp and 4 others The Laplace transform is an integral transform which allows a differential equation to be converted into a (hopefully) simpler algebraic equation, making it easier to solve. While you can use tables of Laplace Transforms, it is never a bad idea to know how to do the transform yourself. ...
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we have evaluated the importance of each criterion for your company. Based on this we have multiplied the ranking with the quantifier. So in... the end the best possible result is 1, while 4 is the worst case. In the following section you will find the explanations for the weighting of the criteria. We evaluated the nationality and the marital status as least important, because these criteria have no significance about an applicant’s qualities. The criterion “Reason for leaving” has more importance...
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Q-A. Find the Laplace transform of the following functions 1. f (t) = t − 1, 0 < t < 3; 7, t > 3. 2. f (t) = cos t − 0, 2π 3 , 0 2π . 3... 2π ; 3 4, 0 < t < 1; −2, 1 < t < 3; 3. f (t) = 5, t > 3. 5. f (t) = 3t3 + e−2t + t 3 7. f (t) = cos3 2t 9. f (t) = sin (3t + 5) 11. f (t) = e−3t sin2 t 13. f (t) = 7T 15. f (t) = e−3t (cos (4t) + 3 sin (4t)) 17. f (t) = teat 19. f (t) = t sin2 3t 21. f (t) = t2 e−2t cos t 23. f (t) = t cos (7t + 9) 25. f (t) = 27. f (t) = sin2 t t e−t sin t t 1 2...
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wealth creation firm. Surprisingly, there is no information regarding the author or the origin of this site." Internet dream or website scheme? If one is... easily persuaded by this type of material, it may be time to reassess their knowledge of website criterion. Not all websites are created equal. When judging the validity and accuracy of websites, there are several factors which must be considered before finally ascertaining the veracity of a site. These factors, when reviewed on the whole will allow websurfers...
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report will be assessed based on the following key considerations: C1. Attractiveness of the business opportunity (novelty and justification) (C1... criterion breakdown: poor justification and novelty of the case = 0; some degree of justification and novelty = 1; excellent justification of a novel case = 2) C2. Support of the market survey evidences (C2 criterion breakdown: limited/no evidence of data and efforts in research = 0; some evidence of data and efforts in research = 1; extensive evidence and...
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people might do. • Conditions. An objective always describes the important conditions (if any) under which the performance is to occur (for example with... reference to the course notes, in the court environment). • Criterion. Wherever possible, an objective describes the criterion of acceptable performance by describing how well the learner must perform in order to be considered acceptable (for example correctly, accurately, according to the Adult Court Bench Book). The Framework of Standards...
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balance for the thermocouple, where m is mass of thermocouple C is heat capacity of thermocouple h is heat transfer coefficient A is surface area of... thermocouple t is time in sec Substituting numerical values in (1) and noting that Taking Laplace transform, Problem (2) A thermometer having a time constant of 0.2 min is placed in a temperature bath and after the thermometer comes to equilibrium with the bath, the temperature of the bath is increased linearly with time at the rate of I...
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(1- 0.02120.7426) ( 0.02120.7426) = 0.02773 or 2.773% Probability of arriving two or more patients simultaneously during the night shift... = 1-[P(0)+P(1)] = 1-(0.9714+0.02773) = 0.00087 or 0.087% 3) The criterion is that if the probability of two or more patients simultaneously arriving during the night shift is greater that 1percent, a backup OR team should be employed. Otherwise, then a backup OR team will not be necessary. Based on the calculation for...
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texts we have read this year, it feels as these three are the ones that fit the criteria above the best; “The Monkey’s Paw”, “The Masque of Red Death”, and... “The Open Window.” These short stories have very good examples of many criterion but these are the three best. One criterion for judging literature is having expression within the characters and all of the story. “The Monkey’s Paw” contains a lot of emotion from the very beginning till the very end. While reading the story you can always tell whether...
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Therefore, the test items must be culturally and chronologically accurate for the test-takers for content validity to be used. | Criterion... related | I know this is personal opinion, but I think that criterion-related validity is the most powerful of all of the methods of verifying validity—especially concurrent validity. This type of validity is used to verify that the criterion that the test score purports to represent is actually in the sample of individuals being tested (Cohen & Swerdlik, 2010)...
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types of validity. The content related validity, criterion related validity, and construct validity. Criterion validity... “concerned the extent to which an infinite was systematically related to and outcome criteria. With criterion related validity, we were interested in the degree to which an instrument was a good predictor of certain criterion.” (Whiston, 2012, p. 59) While researching the VMI it appears construct validity was applied along with criterion validity. Areas of concern and strengths concerning...
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Lebel used Monte Carlo methods to evaluate various models of socially desirable responding. They claimed that there are only relatively minor decrements in... criterion prediction except under the most extreme situation. Thomas A. O’Neill, Richard D. Goffin and lan R. Gellatly claimed that it appears that test-taking motivation relates to the criterion validity of personality testing differently depending on the personality trait assessed. (2) Faking issues 135 Various issues have been studied in...
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related to performance on the job, reliability is a necessary but insufficient condition for validity. Criterion-related validation One way... of establishing the validity of selection method is to show that there is an empirical association between scores on the selection measure and scores for job performance. If there is a substantial correlation between test scores and job performance scores, criterion-related validity has been established. We usually use the correlation coefficient to assess both...
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areas of the world or at different times. Criterion Related---Is the type of validity that is used to verify that the... criterion that the test score purports to represent is actually in the sample of individuals being tested (Cohen & Swerdlik, 2010). For example a group of kids who have ADHD could be tested using a new instrument and if they all score high the test can be said to have been acceptable validity. Strengths—The strength of criterion related it is known to be a very powerful measure...
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a test or measuring instrument actually does what it purports to do. This assessment is considered the most important criterion in instrument... construction and typically involves accumulating evidence in three categories, called content validity, criterion validity, and construct validity.(Rosnow & Rosenthal, 2008) There are different ways to measure validity, such as criterion validity which is the statistical part of a test that correlate to the test outcome criteria. In human services research...
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rate things, a functional MRI scanner for monitoring brain activity, or any other instrument or measuring tool (Rosnow & Rosenthal, 2008). There are... eight different types of validity that include construct, content, convergent and discriminant, criterion, external, face, internal, and statistical-conclusion validity. Construct validity is how well a measurement confirms the theoretical concept. Content validity is the adequate sampling of the relevant material or content that a test purports to measure...
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scores. Analysis: The Mystery shopping program is a biased tool to measure customer satisfaction, in that it depends on the shopper and his/her own... criterion for each of the basic service criteria (Service, Cleanliness, Product Quality and Speed of service). If the program was backed by training that defined standards for the parameters and the criterion for judgment on individual attributes, then the data could have been used to make a valid conclusion. There seems to be other reasons because of which...
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human need to represent events and history to others (104) and through the use and combination of image and narration, Resnais has effectively demonstrated... this. References Lopate, P. (2003). Night and Fog – From the Current. The Criterion Collection. Retrieved from http://www.criterion.com/current/posts/288-night-and-fog Plantigna. C., R. (1997). Voice and Authority. Rhetoric and Representation in Non- fiction Film. Cambridge University Press, pp 101-119 Resnais, A. (1955)...
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guaranteed approval loan or a no cosigner student loan in case your financial aid is not reinstated. When writing your awards letter request for... reinstatement, NEVER, and I mean NEVER put the blame on someone else as to why you failed to meet the criterion. This is different than writing a letter of financial aid appeal because you need more money. Unless you got into a car accident that put you in a coma or were otherwise the victim of some crime that was out of your control, you should never blame...
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|2 | |10. Basics of Laplace transform |1... | |11. Properties of Laplace transform |1 | |12. Laplace transform of the waveforms |1 | |13. Inverse Laplace transform ...
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decision matrix is, therefore, a variation of the 2-dimension, L-shaped matrix. The decision matrix is an elaborated version of the measured criteria... technique in which options are given, for each criterion, satisfactory or compliance points up to a maximum (usually from 0 to 100) that is predefined per criterion and may vary between criteria depending on its relative importance in the final decision. Decision Matrix Activity Should you be involved in creating a decision matrix...
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task. Basically the performer doesn't need as much feedback because they are now aware what has to be done to improve. Lastly bandwidth feedback involves the... presentation of precise error, only on those trials in which a preset criterion of accuracy is not met. When the criterion is met, only a general statement referring to this success is given. Method: 1. The class had to divided into three groups (groups A, B, & C). 2. We performed a task in which we throw a shuttle, which was performed blindfolded...
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.................................... University (home) ................................. A (solid line) 2 a) U ( s) e1s s 1 b) U ( s) s c) U (s) s B)... (dotted line) 1 d) U ( s) e5 s s 3 e) U ( s) e 1s 2s 1 e 5 s f) U ( s) s s Laplace transforms of the functions depicted in Fig 1 are: u(t) 2 1 0 Fig 1 5 10 15 20 25 t [s] a) X1 is the set-point usually labeled w. b) X2 is the control error usually labeled d. c) X3 is input d) X4 is input e) X5 is input f)...
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co-efficients. Applications of linear differential equations to simple pendulum, oscillatory electric circuits. UNIT-III Laplace Transforms and... its Applications : Laplace transforms of elementary functions, properties of Laplace transforms, existence conditions, transforms of derivaties, transforms of integrals, multiplication by tn, division by t. Evaluation of integrals by Laplace transforms. Laplace transform of Unit step function, unit impulse function and periodic function. Inverse transforms, convolution...
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pause fourier(exp(-x^2),x,w) pause pretty(ans) pause fourier(1/(1+x^2),x,w) pause pretty(ans) pause ifourier(1/w^2,w,x) pause... Laplace transform % L(s) = int(F(t)*exp(-s*t),0,inf) -- % >> laplace(F(t),t,s) % F(t) = int(L(s)*exp(s*t),s,c-i*inf,c+i*inf) -- inverse Laplace transform % >> ilaplace(L(s),s,t) pause syms t s laplace('1/(t+1)',t,s) pause ilaplace('1/s',s,t) pause ilaplace('sin(s)',s,t) pause ilaplace('1/s^2',s,t) pause ilaplace('1/(1+s^2)',s,t) pause ...
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function of t. dt 2 C d 2i 5. Find, by double integration, the area of circle x2+y2 = a2. 6. Prove that curl grad φ = o . 7. State the sufficient... conditions for a function f(z) to be analytic. 8. State Cauchy’s integral theorem. 9. Find the Laplace transform of unit step function at t = a. 10. Find L-1 [ s+3 ]. s + 4s + 13 2 1 PART – B (5 x 16 = 80 marks) 2 − 2⎞ ⎛ 7 ⎜ ⎟ 11.(a).(i). Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem for the matrix A = ⎜ − 6 − 1 2 ⎟ . ⎜ 6 2 −1⎟ ⎝ ⎠ Hence find its inverse...
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Norm and Criterion Referenced Assessment Comparisons There are various ways and means to assess student achievement in the numerous... educational settings across the United States. Two types or categories of tests are the norm referenced test and the criterion referenced tests. A norm referenced test compares each student that takes the test to another set of students that had previously taken the test. They use percentiles to measure the student that has taken the test and then compare them...
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applications. Classical Control Theory The scope of classical control theory is limited to single-input and single-output (SISO) system design. The system... analysis is carried out in time domain using differential equations, in complex-s domain with Laplace transform or in frequency domain by transforming from the complex-s domain. All systems are assumed to be second order and single variable, and higher-order system responses and multivariable effects are ignored. A controller designed using classical...
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r (t) I is the input By taking the Laplace transform of both sides ansn cs+ an-1sn-1 cs+…a0cs+initial condition involving c(t)... =bmsmRt+bm-1sm-1Rt+…b0Rs+initial condition involving r(t) If we assume that all initial condition are zero ansn+ an-1sn-1….+…a0cs=bmsm+bm-1sm-1+…b0r(s) Rs-→ bmsm+bm-1sm-1+…b0ansn+ an-1sn-1….+…a0--→c(s) Gs=c(s)r(s)=bmsm+bm-1sm-1+…b0ansn+ an-1sn-1….+…a0 Transfer function ratio of output over input Laplace Transfer Theorem 1. L f(t)=Fs=0∞f(t)e-stdt ...
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force The other equation Therefore the linearized equations of motion are: (KHALIL SULTAN and ASHAB MIRZA) 2. Transfer Function for the System... For the transfer function of the system the Laplace transform must be done to the linear equations that where obtained before. Applying Laplace the equations with the assumption of zero initial conditions will result in these: This transfer function relates the variation from the output angle to the force input exerted on the cart. The symbol...
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Chapter 7 Laplace Transform The Laplace transform can be used to solve diﬀerential equations. Besides being a diﬀerent and... eﬃcient alternative to variation of parameters and undetermined coeﬃcients, the Laplace method is particularly advantageous for input terms that are piecewise-deﬁned, periodic or impulsive. The direct Laplace transform or the Laplace integral of a function f (t) deﬁned for 0 ≤ t < ∞ is the ordinary calculus integration problem ∞ 0 f (t)e−st dt, succinctly denoted L(f...
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boundaries). UNIT V LAPLACE TRANSFORM 12 Laplace transform – Conditions for existence – Transform of elementary functions – Basic... properties – Transform of derivatives and integrals – Transform of unit step function and impulse functions – Transform of periodic functions. Definition of Inverse Laplace transform as contour integral – Convolution theorem (excluding proof) – Initial and Final value theorems – Solution of linear ODE of second order with constant coefficients using Laplace transformation techniques...
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degree, concept of solution in PDE. Introduction to different methods of solution: Separation of variables, Laplace & Fourier transform... methods. (1) Topic: Solution of Initial Value & Boundary Value PDE’s by Separation of variables, Laplace & Fourier transform methods. Sub-Topics: PDE I: One dimensional Wave equation. PDE II: One dimensional Heat equation. PDE III: Two dimensional Laplace equation. Topic: Introduction to series solution of ODE. Sub-Topics: Validity of the series solution of an ordinary...
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also receive a IB MYP rubric for the essay (this rubric is attached).... Criterion A: Content Language A Assessment Rubric: Compare and Contrast IB MYP UNIT QUESTION: “How to prejudice and preconceptions affect our perception?” Achievement Level Criterion A: Content Understanding of topic and theme What perceptions will your reader gain? Details and support essay Are your points of Similarity and Difference...
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question. These questions are worth 10% each and your answers should be between 700 – 1000 words for each. Assessment criteria This assessment is... criterion-referenced where marks will be awarded according to the criterion listed on the tables below: Question Item 1(a) Question 1 Possible marks 10 8―10 marks 5―7 marks 0―4 marks Criterion Expert knowledge all inclusive of topic(s) supported by evidence of the PPT slides developed. Adequate knowledge all inclusive of topic(s) supported...
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given by m x + c x + kx = F . Taking the Laplace transforms of the above equation (assuming zero initial conditions), we have ms 2 X ( s ) +... csX ( s ) + kX ( s ) = F ( s ), X ( s) 1 ⇒ = . 2 F ( s ) ms + cs + k Equation (1) represents the transfer function of the mass-spring-damper system. Example 2 Consider the system given by the differential equation y + 4 y + 3 y = 2r (t ), where r(t) is the input to the system. Assume zero initial conditions. The Laplace transforms yields, s 2Y ( s ) + 4 sY ( s...
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filters used. d H ( e jω ) 1 1− δ1 δ2 ω ωp ωs π Digital filter specifications H c ( jΩ ) 1 1− δ1 δ2 Ω ωp Td ωs Td π Td... Prototype analog filter 6-3 • Let H c ( s) be the Laplace transform of hc (t ) , where the complex number s = σ + jΩ is the Laplace domain variable. Assuming H c ( s) has only single-order poles sk , then H c (s ) = ∑ This implies Ak k =1 s − s k N ∑ N Ak e s t hc (t ) = k =1 0 k t ≥0 t...
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Laplace Transforms 3. Laplace Transform (6 Hours) 1.Improper integral: introduction. 2.Definition. 3.Linearity. 4.Multiplying by... t. 5.First shift theorem. 6.Unit step function, Delta function and periodic function. 7.Second shift theorem. 8.Inverse Laplace transform: •Definition and properties. •Method of solution: partial fraction, completing the square and convolution theorem. 1.Solve initial and boundary value problems for linear differential equation with constant coefficients which involve unit...
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It gives us a relationship between the deflections in a beam to applied load. From there on we derived an equation for natural frequency of a beam vibrating... under its own weight or inertial load. This is a fourth order ODE and will be solved using Laplace transform. Inputting the appropriate boundary conditions will lead us to a number of frequencies called modal frequencies. Along with analytical solution to a problem, where we take example of a cantilever beam with material properties of aluminum...
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Sine Transforms, Fourier Transforms. Module 4 (14 hours) Gamma functions and Beta functions, Definition and Properties. Laplace... Transforms, Inverse Laplace Transforms, shifting Theorem, Transforms of derivatives and integrals, Solution of differential Equations, Differentiation and Integration of Transforms, Convolution, Unit step function, Second shifting Theorem, Laplace Transform of Periodic functions. Reference: 1. 2. 3. 4. Kreyszig E, ‘Advanced Engineering Mathematics’ 8th Edition...
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reviewing them regularly with the teacher and modifying or rewriting them as necessary should circumstances change. The maximum achievement level for... criterion A, research proposal and action plan, is four (see “HL internal assessment criteria”). Students who fail to produce a research proposal or action plan will be awarded zero for this criterion. Students should consider the possible difficulties they may face when carrying out their research, for example, limited or biased sources. Research...
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candidate pools, it is very important that application information can be evaluated quickly. This criterion makes manual reviews problematic... and argues for automated solutions. Validity – It makes little sense to collect information that is not relevant to job requirements. Validity has to do with the accuracy of predicting potential job performance based on the information collected. This criterion argues strongly for a clear definition of job requirements and a logical relationship between information...
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The Origin of Old-Earth Geology and its Ramifications on Life in the 21st Century is an article by Dr. Terry Mortenson. He discusses a well know debate that... goes back many years. He mentions three French scientists, Comte de Buffon(1708-88), Pierre Laplace(1749-1827), Jean Lamarck(1744-1829), and how they were involved in the development of theories without the involvement of God. He defends his arguments with the mentioning of the four scriptural geologist, George Young(1777-1848), George Fairholme(1789-1846)...
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tools for processing continuous-time and discrete-time signals in both time and frequency domain. Key concepts and tools introduced will include linear... time-invariant systems, impulse response, frequency response, convolution, filtering, and Fourier, Laplace and Z- transforms. The course provides background to a wide range of applications including speech, image, and multimedia processing, bio and medical imaging, sensor networks, communication systems, and control systems. This course serves as entry...
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requires making a judgment about the learning that has occurred (e.g., by grading or scoring a test or paper). There are three basic conceptual frameworks... that give meaning to grades. These are: Criterion-referencing, norm-referencing and self-referencing. Criterion- Referenced Grading (mastery) Criterion-referenced grading is also known as absolute-referenced grading or task-referenced grading. This is done by assigning grades by comparing student’s performance to a defined set of standards to...
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Divergence Theorem (With out proof). Verification of Green’s - Stoke’s and Gauss’s Theorems. UNIT – VIII Laplace transform of standard... functions – Inverse transform – first shifting Theorem, Transforms of derivatives and integrals – Unit step function – second shifting theorem – Dirac’s delta function – Convolution theorem – Periodic function - Differentiation and integration of transforms-Application of Laplace transforms to ordinary differential equations Partial fractions-Heaviside’s Partial fraction expansion...
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(iv) the power factor (numerical value and leading or lagging) if i g = 40 cos(5000t )mA. P= ,Q= , S = , PF = , leading/lagging (circle one)... Problem 2: Basics of Laplace Transforms (10 pts.) Find L{t 2 e −2t + 10 sin( 3t + 45 o )} using only the Laplace transform pairs, the properties of the Laplace transform (not the ones in the formula sheet, just what you are given below), and math identities that are provided below. a) sin(A+B) = sinAcosB + cosAsinB, b) 1 ω s L{e − at...
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Standardized testing is used practically worldwide for all sorts of various criterion. A standardized test could be used for getting into a... top of the line college, or to see if you meet the requirements for a job. Such tests include the well known ACTs and SATs. There are many different ways that standardized tests can be graded. Norm-Referenced, and Criterion-Referenced forms of grading are just a couple of the types of tests. Tests can also be easily misused and are often protested...
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2.6.3.2 Types of norms 11 2.6.3.3... Norm- reference norms 11 2.6.3.3 Criterion -reference norms 13 2.6.3.4 Cultural compatibility 13 2.7 Publishing and ongoing refinement ...
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questionnaire, clarity develops in that two different types of validity are made distinct. Those two categories are named construct validity and... criterion related validity. In classification, construct validity epitomizes itself in that its purpose is to make sure that a test, or whatever assessment is being employed, analyzes what it is intended to. In correlation, criterion related validity is concerned with whether the test was a suitable or beneficial judge and interpreter of an individual gauge or evaluated...
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edu/ftp/pub/louie/class/100/plate-tectonics.html http://www.georesources.co.uk/kobelow.htm... http://www.insead.edu/facultyresearch/centres/isic/025HRG.pdf.pdf http://www.slideshare.net/patdesy/managing-earthquakes Criteria to be assessed: Criterion A: Knowing and understanding Achievement level | Level descriptor | 0 | The student does not reach a standard described by any of the descriptors below. | 1-2 | The student:• makes a limited attempt to use some relevant terminology• demonstrates...
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red for questions that will require help. 4.4 Explain how assessment arrangements can be adapted to meet the needs of individual learners Assessment... arrangements can be adapted by allowing the learners to have an element of choice on how the criterion is assessed. This will allow the learners to feel included and means that the tutor is not offering an alternative or necessarily forcing the learner to disclose their lack of understanding or forcing adjustment. An example would be giving all...
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It also helps educators in reteaching a skill, making accommodation, modifying a lesson to a level that a child will comprehend it better. Educators have to... have knowledge of many types of assessment like informal, formal, summative, formative, criterion, and norm-referenced assessment. As a teacher become familiar with assessment they will be used in determining if a student requires further testing to identify a disability. In the field of Special Education assessment are used for the identification...
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Calculus of Several Variables Exam 2009 -2 - Question 1 Use the Tables of Laplace transforms, along with the operational theorems, to ﬁnd... the Laplace transform of the following functions: (a) t(t + cos t)e−3t (b) (c) t 0 e−u sinh 2u du 4 − 4e2t t [4+2+2=8 marks] Question 2 (a) Write f (t) = 2t + 3, 0 ≤ t < 9 in terms of Heaviside functions. Find the Laplace −2, t≥9 transform of the function. (b) Use Laplace transforms to determine the solution y(t) of the following initial-value problem...
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value” way to estimate if the test will measure|misleading. There is no guarantee that the test will be an | | |be considered such... as: Does it seem like a reasonable way to |a certain criterion. Since it does not require extensive |accurate measurement of the criterion for a specific. | | |gain the needed information? Is it well designed? Will it |examination, the determination can be made by an amateur. | ...
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manual to ensure valid and reliable results”(ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation). There is another type of formal assessment called... criterion-referenced test. These type of test measure what the person is able to do and indicate what skills have been mastered. A CRT compares a person’s performance with their past performances. “In criterion-referenced measurement, the emphasis is on assessing specific and relevant behaviors that have been mastered rather than indicating the relative...
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