• The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights
    as it answers. Beyond the more general, philosophical question of whether anything in our pluri-cultural, multipolar world is truly universal, the issue of whether human rights is an essentially Western concept—ignoring the very different cultural, economic, and political realities of the other...
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  • International Human Rights: an Unattainable Concept
    implementation of a universal human rights system or aspects of it. CHILD LABOR IN INDIA A second example of an area where cultural norms clash with Western views of human rights is child labor. According to Nandana Reddy, Executive Director of the Concerned Center for Working...
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  • Relativism: the Tangible Theory
    other hand, states that a universal sense of duty, would most benefit humankind. I believe that the Cultural Relativist theory takes into consideration the different cultures that make up the population as a whole. The idea of universal truth in ethics, is a myth. The customs of different societies...
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  • Cultural Relativism
    country has the right to interfere. James Rachel pointed out that there are values that are universal. Murder, truth and the caring for infants, these are examples of universal values because every culture could agree that it has something to gain for each. It is essential for the betterment of a...
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  • Commentary Huntington
    Summary: The Clash of Civilization In Hungtington’s article, he argued that the post-cold war would be marked by civilizational conflict. Human beings, Huntington wrote, are divided along cultural lines — Western, Islamic, Hindu and so on. There is no universal civilization. Instead, there are...
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  • Facial Expressions
    , 1994). Izard’s Differential Emotions Theory states that the core universal emotions are purely biologically determined emotional responses. In this way both expression and recognition are fundamentally the same for all individuals, regardless of any ethnic or cultural differences. This theory...
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  • Psychology and Culture
    approach * Human behavior can only be understood in context of culture in which it occurs * Little interest in similarities and parallels across cultures * Any cross-cultural comparison is biased * “Emic” view (culture-specific) * Example: greeting styles **Most cross-cultural...
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  • Peekay
    for us to believe in cultural realism is because there is no way of knowing for sure if something is either wright or wrong. For example, what is considered right in one society does not necessary mean it is wright in another society therefore there is no way of knowing who is right or wrong...
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  • universalism of human rights
    INTRODUCTION The notion of universal application of human rights has invited many debates with various scholars arguing for and others taking the notion as being contextually based. This paper wishes to show how human rights are universal, taking into consideration the international covenants and...
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  • Ant100
    organization relate to economic life and environmental conditions * Interest in the question of what is natural, what is cultural * What is psychologically universal… * Teenagers and their moods are culturally specific * Freud- universal tension between fathers...
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  • Ako Ikaw Tayo
    economics, more than politics, a nation's culture will determine its fate. [6] Fareed Zakaria has written extensively on Asian values, while Amartya Sen has been one of the concept's strongest critics. Some critics of the term argue that no universal "Asian" value system exists, because the cultural...
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  • Private Policing
    rights are seen as universal and inherent in the Downloaded from http://pqx.sagepub.com at SIMON FRASER LIBRARY on April 16, 2009 Bracey / CROSS-CULTURAL CONSIDERATION 115 very fact of being human, the American concept of civil rights has its basis in the Constitution of the United States...
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  • Issue Today: Universalism Versus Cultural Relativism
    always those “who hold the microphone [that] do not agree”(http://www.aasianst.org/Viewpoints/Nathan.htm). Whenever one group denies rights to another group within a culture, it is usually for their own benefit. Therefore human rights cannot be truly universal unless they are not bound to cultural...
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  • World Cultural Heritage
    cultural heritage is any of various areas or objects designated as having “outstanding universal value” under the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. This convention, adopted by UNESCO in 1972, provides for international cooperation in...
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  • Cultural Bias Research
    of a culture make assumptions about conventions, including conventions of language, notation, proof and evidence. Some of the most frequently encountered examples of cultural bias that emerge in multicultural counseling and development are the assumptions described in the areas of normal behavior...
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  • What Is Culture?
    human diversity in time and space, anthropologists distinguish among the universal, the generalized, and the particular. * Certain biological, psychological, social, and cultural features are: universal—found in every culture. Others are merely generalities—common to several but not all human...
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  • Relativism
    universal truth in ethics; there are only the various cultural and personal codes, and nothing more. Additionally, our own code has no special status; it is simply one of the many. One plain example of this is illustrated in the treatment of women in some countries, against the way they are treated in...
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  • Human Facial Expressions and Emotions: Are They Universal?
    quantitative (muscle unit measurements and brain mapping techniques) data; however, one could not overlook the behavioral and anatomical evidence in favor of culture-specific expressions. Therefore, universal emotions may serve as a very fundamental framework among all humans; yet, it is cultural...
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  • International Behaviors with Strangers
    of ‘losing face’, embarrassment or humiliation, is probably one of the few cross-cultural politeness universals. Brown and Levinson define two kinds of face. One is termed ‘negative face’, which basically means “the want that your actions be not impeded by others” (Fasold 160) and ‘positive face...
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  • Global Marketıng
    constituted world is portrayed in an advertisement and the decision makers at the company decide if that view reflects their cultural framework. This begs the question of what advertising represents— the culture of the consumer or the culture of the company. To give an example: In German advertising, fewer...
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