"Acid Attacks" Essays and Research Papers

Acid Attacks

ACID ATTACKS UNDER IPC : AN ANALYSIS INTRODUCTION Acid attacks are a form of violence against women, where the perpetrator splashes a person or object with acid in order to deface or kill them. Although acid throwing, also known as vitriol age, has been a form of violence known to be committed throughout history, there has been a steep rise in the cases documented in recent years, particularly in certain South Asian countries. Some of this increase has been attributed to better documentation...

Acid attack victims, Acid throwing, Crime 1172  Words | 4  Pages

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Victims of an Acid Attack

Punished by Acid Several people from the third world become a victim of an acid attack. The victim’s life has changed tremendously, which is what the photographer shows with his world-known pictures. On Ebrahim Noroozi’s photoseries you see a mom named Somayeh and her daughter, Rana and what acid has done to their faces. Now they most stay by themselves and take care of themselves. It is hard for me to understand some people will walk up to you to pour acid on you. Somayeh looked like an...

Abraham Maslow, Attack, Attack! 807  Words | 3  Pages

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The Attack

The Attack by Yasmina Khadra follows the story of Dr. Amin Jaafari, a successful Palestinian surgeon who resides in Israel. He lives with his beloved wife, Sihem, live alone in a beautiful house. Amin and Sihem live happily until an unimaginable event occurs, Sihem is killed in a suicide attack. The police discover that Sihem was not a victim, but the bomber. Amin desperately attempts to understand how his kind, loving wife could possibly carry out such an attack. He sets out on an incredible...

Al-Qaeda, Hamas, Israeli–Palestinian conflict 911  Words | 3  Pages

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Woolwich Attack

Story: Woolwich Attack On May 22 2013, a British Army soldier named Drummer (Private) Lee Rigby of the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers was killed by two men in Woolwich, southeast London. Rigby was off duty whilst walking down Wellington Street at the time of the attack. At first he was run down with a car, then the attackers used knives and a cleaver to stab him which resulted in his death. They then dragged him onto the road and waited for police to arrive. Five minutes after the attack, armed police...

Allah, Attack, Islam 904  Words | 3  Pages

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Salami Attack

Salami Attack A salami attack is when small attacks add up to one major attack that can go undetected due to the nature of this type of cyber crime. It also known as salami slicing/penny shaving where the attacker uses an online database to seize the information of customers, that is bank/credit card details, deducting minuscule amounts from every account over a period of time. These amounts naturally add up to large sums of money that is unnoticeably taken from the collective accounts. Most people...

Attack, Attack!, Bank 830  Words | 3  Pages

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How to Attack the Category Leader

How to attack the Category Leader? Attacking the leader is not easy ways. There have five categories to attack the leader such as Frontal Attack, Flank Attack, Encirclement Attack, Bypass Attack and Guerrilla Warfare. Among them we will present about the Frontal Attack which is directly attacking to the market leader. What is the Market Leader? The market leader is controlling in its industry. It has substantial market share and often comprehensive distribution arrangements with retailers. It...

Attack, Attack!, Economics terminology 725  Words | 3  Pages

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Acids and Alkalis

Acids, Bases, Alkalis, Salts 1. Acids have a pH of less than 7.  2. Bases have a pH of more than 7. 3. When bases are dissolved in water, they are known as alkalis. 4. Salts are made when an acid reacts with a base, carbonate or metal. The name of the salt formed depends on the metal in the base and the acid used. For example, salts made using hydrochloric acid are called chlorides. Acids Substances with a pH of less than 7 are acids. The more strongly acidic the solution, the lower its...

Acid, Ammonia, Base 831  Words | 6  Pages

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Offensive vs Defensive fire attack

 Fire Attack: Offensive vs. Defensive Structural firefighting can be very dangerous and can put the lives of firefighters in situations were their decision can end up being very detrimental. History has proven when the wrong choices were made, and lives and properties were lost. From past structural events the choice of choosing the wrong attack could end up being in the papers and going to funerals for firefighters. That’s why choosing the correct fire tactic...

Active fire protection, Attack, Fire 1703  Words | 7  Pages

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Acid Base

used (ml) | 30.6 | 30.2 | 30.0 | | | | | Acid to Base Ratio | 0.87 | 0.86 | 0.86 | Average acid/base ratio | 0.86 | | | | | Base to Acid Ratio | 1.14 | 1.16 | 1.17 | Average base/acid Ratio | 1.16 | Name: Jared Philip Condez Date Performed: June 28, July 2 & 5, 2013 Partner: Shiela Mae Molina Date Submitted: July 12, 2013 Experiment 3 ACID – BASE TITRATION I. Objectives * Determine the purity of Potassium Acid Phthalate * To titrate effectively ...

Acid, Base, Chlorine 849  Words | 5  Pages

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World War I Gas Attacks

horrifying experience of a gas attack in World War I. Owen goes into excruciating detail on every effect of the gas, and describes almost everything about the physical state of the infected, dying man. Thousands of soldiers were exposed to gas in the war, and unfortunately, many of them died from the effects. The first attack that the Germans unleashed on the allies was devastating. Over 5000 soldiers were killed with many more incapacitated (Christianson 30). While the attack was detrimental to the strength...

Attack, Chemical warfare, Chlorine 2397  Words | 6  Pages

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Acids and Bases

substances. One way is based on their pH. Substances may be * Acid 2. Base 3. Neutral INDICATORS This is a substance which is one color in and acid and another color in a base. Indicators can ten be used to test for the presence of acids or bases in a substance. Some are available in paper form (litmus) and others in liquid form (methyl orange). INDICATOR | COLOR IN ACID | COLOR IN BASE | LITMUS | ...

Acid, Alkali, Base 519  Words | 3  Pages

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Ais Attacks and Failures: Who to Blame

AIS Attacks and Failures: Who to Blame ACC564 2/17/13 Professor Ridilla AIS Attacks and Failures: Who to Blame Accounting information systems is a computer based database that stores, collects, and processes the financial data of the organization. The AIS system is then backed up by the organizations centralized database. When the AIS system is attacked by outside sources the responsibility falls to the organization if the proper controls are not in place but if the...

Attack, Attack!, Computer security 851  Words | 3  Pages

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Why was difficult to attack a castle

difficult to attack a castle? During the Medieval period, castle became important. These huge castles were mostly invented for defending the foreigner attacks. The castles were also the sin of the noble and royal power. Eventually, there were various kinds of castle, but most of the castles were used for protecting and defending during siege warfare. While the builders built these castles, they added much prevention structures to the castles, those preventions made the castles difficult to attack. Constructions...

Attack, Castle, Drawbridge 1029  Words | 9  Pages

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Acid and base

to form hydronium ions. For simplicity, hydronium ions are referred to as hydrogen ions H+. In pure water, there are an equal number of hydrogen ions and hydroxyl ions. The solution is neither acidic or basic. An acid is a substance that donates hydrogen ions. Because of this, when an acid is dissolved in water, the balance between hydrogen ions and hydroxyl ions is shifted. Now there are more hydrogen ions than hydroxyl ions in the solution. This kind of solution is acidic. A base is a substance that...

Acid, Base, Hydrogen 757  Words | 3  Pages

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Shark Attacks

several attacks that occurred just days before. Yet he was 17 miles inland, he knew what he saw and set out to warn the town of the “sea monster” looming in the creek. “No way” were the thoughts of many as they heard Caratan Jr. tell his tale, and they continued on with their normal lives, despite his desperate cries of fear and warning. The attacks of Lester Stilwell and Stanley Fisher show that the technology of this era was very un-advanced, this was also the first recorded shark attack in fresh...

Attack, Attack!, Bull shark 845  Words | 3  Pages

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CARBOXYLIC ACID Introduction: Organic compounds containing (–C(O)–OH) as a functional group are called carboxylic acids. The –C (O)-OH group which itself is made up of a carbonyl group (>C=O) and a hydroxyl group (-OH) is called a carboxyl group (carb from carbonyl and oxyl from hydroxyl group). Carboxylic acid may be an aliphatic or an aromatic depending upon whether –C–OH is attached to an alkyl group ( or a hydrogen atom) or an aryl group. Their general formulas are; ALIPHATIC CARBOXYLIC ACID: R–C...

Acetic acid, Alcohol, Aldehyde 608  Words | 8  Pages

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Assignment 1 Malicious Attacks Threats And Vunerabilities

Assignment 1- Identifying Potential Malicious Attacks, Threats and Vulnerabilities Larry F. Simmons Strayer University Online Professor Arend Clayborn February 4, 2015 A malicious attack can be any physical or electronic action taken with the intent of acquiring, destroying, modifying, or accessing a user’s data without permission of their files. Hackers attempt to gain access to information about your system which can reveal many common exploits and other vulnerabilities of...

Access control, Attack, Authentication 983  Words | 6  Pages

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Acids and Bases Lap Report

Acids and Bases Mirza Hasan Mammadov Acids and bases are really important in our daily day life. So let’s start with telling the definitions of them. Starting with acids, they are a substance which dissociates in water in order to produce one or more hydrogen ions. Also we can write H+ instead of hydrogen ion. Bases have the same definition, although the difference is that it firm hydroxide ions instead of hydrogen ions. We can write OH- instead of hydroxide ion. All alkali is bases but not...

Acid, Ammonia, Base 666  Words | 3  Pages

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Acid and Citric Fruit

Titration Lab How Much Citric Acid is in Your Soda? PURPOSE To determine the molarity (concentration) of citric acid (H3C6H5O7) in various different citrus flavored sodas. BACKGROUND PRINCIPLES Popular sodas all strive for a somewhat sour ('tart') flavor and manufacturers utilize acids to impart this taste. While there are a vast variety of different brands of sodas on the market, they can be broken into two main categories: dark or clear. This differentiation is not only a simple color...

Acid, Base, Carbon dioxide 858  Words | 4  Pages

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Acc 564 Assignment 2. Ais Attacks and Failures

AIS Attacks and Failures: Who to Blame | | ACC 564: Accounting Information Systems12 August 2012 | Abstract This paper explores accounting information system attacks and failures and the party that is to blame. The paper will include the following requirements: 1. My position on whether the firm and its management team should or should not be held liable for losses sustained in a successful attack made on their AIS by outside sources. I will include two (2) facts to support my position...

Access control, Attack, Attack! 1758  Words | 5  Pages

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Acid Base Titration Report

ACID BASE TITRATION OBJECTIVES 1. To demonstrate the basic laboratory technique of titration 2. To learn to calculate molarity based on titrations INTRODUCTION Molarity (M) or molar concentration is a common unit for expressing the concentration of solutions. It is defined as the number of moles of solute per liter of solution (or millimoles of solute per milliliter of solution). The concentration of a basic solution can be determined by titrating it with a volume of a standard acid solution (of...

Acid, Base, Concentration 875  Words | 4  Pages

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Mumbai Attack

26/11 Mumbai Attacks Terrorism can be found all over the world. Terrorists are from various nationalities. Terrorist have committed several attacks and have caused several people to lose their loved ones. Anyone can be a victim of terrorism. In 2008 Mumbai attacks, there were eight more attacks in financial capital of India, Mumbai, including 26th November 2008. It was one of major attack from the eight attacks in Mumbai. The attacks, which widespread global condemnation, began on Wednesday...

2008 Mumbai attacks, Agra, Attack 1003  Words | 3  Pages

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SEC 572 Week 1 iLab Network Attacks 0

Network Attacks iLab 1 – Week 1 Targeted Attack on a Network Device Submitted to: Dr. Charles Pak SE572 Network Security Keller Graduate School of Management Submitted: September 07, 2014 Table of Contents Executive Summary 3 Summary of Results 3-4 Details on Attack 5 Name of the Attack 5 Attack Discovery and Resolution Sates 5 Synopsis of the Attack 5 Vulnerable Target(s) for the Attack and Likely Victims 6 Probable Motivation(s) of the Attack 6 Probable Creators of the Attack...

Attack, Computer security, Cryptography 1355  Words | 10  Pages

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Extraction of Benzoic Acid

Introduction: The theory behind the extraction of a solution containing benzoic acid, cellulose, and methyl orange involves many components pertaining to the fundamental ideas of solubility and polarity. Using the concepts of like dissolving like and acid base reactions, a solution of organic acid (benzoic acid), a water soluble compound cellulose, and an organic soluble compound methyl orange, can be separated and benzoic acid can be isolated by a method of extraction. At the fundamental level,...

Acid, Chemistry, Liquid-liquid extraction 915  Words | 3  Pages

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Standardization of Acid/Base

STANDARDIATION OF ACID AND BASE Eunice Ivy B. Gamboa ABSTRACT Solutions of known concentration are prepared by dissolving measured masses of standard acids in distilled water. The concentrations of unknown solutions of sodium hydroxide are determined by titration. An acid solution reacts with a base solution in a "neutralization" reaction. Titrations permit the concentrations of unknown acids/bases to be determined with a high degree of accuracy. In order to analyze unknown acids/bases, we must have...

Acid, Chemistry, Concentration 1558  Words | 6  Pages

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Amino Acids

structures and properties of amino acids know the groups of amino acid What are amino acids? Amino acids are molecules that when combined with each other  proteins. Amino acids contain a central tetrahedral carbon atom (α-carbon) amine group, carboxyl group, R-side chain The R-side chain determines the different amino acids There are 20 common amino acids Amino acids can join via peptide bonds Several amino acids occur only rarely in proteins Some amino acids are not found in proteins 3D...

Acid, Amine, Amino acid 570  Words | 29  Pages

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lab oxalic acid

Oxalic Acid Lab Aim: Use acid base titration to determine the number of water molecules in hydrated hydrochloric acid. Apparatus required: Oxalic acid solution 250 cm3 Weighing bottle Digital balance Beaker (250 cm3) Distilled Water Volumetric Flask 250cm3 Filter funnel Pipette Burette 50cm3 Retort Stand Beakers 100cm3 Standardized sodium hydroxide solution 0.1M Pipette filter Conical flasks 250cm3 Phenolphthalein Indicator Procedure 1) Rinse the burette with distilled...

Acid, Base, Chlorine 417  Words | 4  Pages

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Titration: Acid and Ml Vinegar

Lab Write Up: Acid-Base Titration Problem: How can the concentration of acetic acid in vinegar be determined with 0.1M HCL and NaOH solution of unknown concentration? Hypothesis: If the concentration of a base NaOH is found using a known concentration of an acid 0.1M HCL by the process of titration, then the now known concentration of NaOH can be used to titrate acetic acid in vinegar to determine its concentration. This is possible by using the formula Ma*Va = Mb*Vb. Introduction:...

Acid, Base, Chemistry 1815  Words | 6  Pages

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Chemistry Acid and Bases

ACID AND BASES Prepared by: Alvin Sia SMSM Definition of an acid An acid is a chemical substance that ionize in water and produce hydrogen ion, H⁺ Uses of acids, bases and alkalis Acid | Uses | Nitric acid | Make fertilizer | Benzoic acid | Preserve food | Methanoic acid | Coagulate latex | Sulphuric acid | Make paints | Bases | Uses | Aluminium hydroxide | Make gastric pill | Sodium hydroxide | Make...

Acid, Acids, Ammonia 867  Words | 5  Pages

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Titration: Acid and Solution

fermented from sugar. The fermentation of ethanol results in the production of acetic acid (CH3COOH). The typical pH of vinegar ranges anywhere from 2 to 3.5, although shop-bought vinegar usually measures 2.4 www.wisegeek.com/what-is-vinegar.htm fig 1 In this study we will determine the amount of acid in a vinegar sample by using titration, a common technique in chemistry a typical shop brought vinegar has an acid percentage of 5% see fig 1. A titration is a technique where a solution of known...

Acid, Base, Hydroxide 1264  Words | 5  Pages

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Acids and Alkalis Lab Report

Lab Report Acids and Alkalis: Chemistry of Neutralization and Salt Formation Introduction: An acid is a group of chemicals. Acids are positively charged ions, they are liquid and are solutions of pure compounds in water. If you want to know if something is an acid, you can test it by using litmus paper. Acids will turn litmus paper red, whilst alkalis will turn it blue. Alkalis are negatively charged ions and are usually solid. Aim: To find out how much of different acids is needed to neutralize...

Acid, Ammonia, Base 559  Words | 3  Pages

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Acid & Base Lab

Purpose: To find out if the Unknown substances are bases or acids. Materials: goggles aprons paper for data table graduated cylinder unknown I substance beakers/test tubes stirring rod litmus paper pH indicator paper pH color chart phenolphthalein scoopula eye-dropper digital pH meter magnesium ribbon calculator unknown II substance forceps sodium bicarbonate Procedures: Test the pH of the Unknown substances with litmus paper and pH indicator paper and match to color chart ...

Acid, Base, Carbon dioxide 607  Words | 3  Pages

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Acid Rain and Its Effects

Running head: ACID RAIN AND ITS EFFECTS Acid Rain: The Killer Rain Twanda Banks Grantham University April 5, 2011 Abstract Every time you turn on the television or take a ride in a car, you could be contributing to a problem called acid rain. Acid Rain is a serious problem with devastating effects. Every day this problem increases. Many believe that this issue is too small to deal with, but if the acid rain problem is not met with head on, the effects on people, plants, animals, and the...

Acid, Acid rain, Air pollution 2714  Words | 7  Pages

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Investigation Of The Effects Of Acid Rain

Eichbauer IB Chemistry II – Period 6 16 February 2015 Investigation of the Effects of Acid Rain Background Information Acid rain is when there is a mix of wet and dry deposited material in the atmosphere that have higher levels of nitric and sulfuring acid. These chemicals formed can be from natural causes, like volcanoes and the decay of vegetation, or man made causes like fossil fuel combustion. Acid rain can be measured using the pH scale, and will always be on the lower end of the spectrum...

Acid, PH 666  Words | 5  Pages

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Web Server Attacks

Web Server Attacks Aaron G. Flaugh Strayer University Dr. Patricia White April 15, 2013 Web services are the most frequently attacked services of the modern network. There are three common attack types. They are all mitigated in different ways, this paper will discuss the means of protecting against them. The most effective attacks are call Denial of Services or DoS attacks. No organization is save from a denial of service attack even the federal government has been successfully attacked...

Attack, Attack!, Code injection 1593  Words | 5  Pages

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Acids and Bases

Tacula, Jassy Camille D.S. Activity 11 Acids and Bases I. Objectives * To identify some acids and some bases which are used in common household products. * To construct an operational definition of an acid and a base, using the characteristic properties of those substances. II. Procedure A. For acids * Place 2ml each of dilute acetic acid, hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, carbonated drink (colorless) and calamansi juice extract in...

Acetic acid, Acid, Base 594  Words | 3  Pages

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Butenedioic Acid

| Introduction Maleic acid and fumaric acid are geometrical isomers of butenedioic acid. Each of these isomers has its own distinctive properties such as melting point, solubility, density and stability. [pic] cis(isomer trans(isomer In this experiment some maleic acid is converted to fumaric acid by heating an aqueous solution of maleic acid in the presence of hydrochloric acid. The hydrochloric acid serves merely as a catalyst of the reaction...

Acid, Chemistry, Chlorine 590  Words | 3  Pages

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Hydrolysis of Esters-Acid-Mechanism

[pic] |THE MECHANISM FOR THE ACID CATALYSED HYDROLYSIS OF ESTERS | | | |This page looks in detail at the mechanism for the hydrolysis of esters in the presence of a dilute acid | |(such as hydrochloric acid or sulphuric acid) acting as the catalyst. It uses ethyl ethanoate as a typical| |ester. ...

Acetic acid, Acid, Alcohol 1063  Words | 5  Pages

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Acid Determination of Vitamin C

Acid Determination of Vitamin C Tablets and Salt Solutions Chem 1290-016 03-05-2010 ------------------------------------------------- Purpose: The purpose of this lab was to use acid-base titrations to find the mass percent of ascorbic acid in a Vitamin C tablet. A known concentration of sodium hydroxide was used and the value found was compared to the stated amount of ascorbic acid listed on the vitamin container. Also in this lab the acidity of different salt solutions were tested using...

Acid, Ammonia, Base 1241  Words | 5  Pages

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Experiment: Acid and Litmus Paper

cloudiest liquid? Record observations in a chart. 3RD SIX WEEKS PERIOD Unit E Chapter 14 Lesson 4 Acids and Bases What are Acids and Bases? Materials: * Stirring rod * Vinegar * Blue and red litmus paper * Solution of baking soda in water * Lemon juice * Apple juice * Ammonia solution Procedure: 1. Predict whether each of the following liquids is an acid or a base: vinegar, solution of baking soda, lemon juice, apple juice, and ammonia solution. 2. Using...

Acid, Ammonia, Base 1295  Words | 6  Pages

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Acid Base Lab Report

4 Strong Acid and Weak Base Lab PURPOSE: To find the molarity of an unknown acidic acid. MATERIALS: 1. 250 mL beaker 2. 10 mL graduated cylinder 3. 50 mL beaker 4. Funnel 5. 125 mL Erlenmeyer flask 6. 50 mL buret 7. Ring stand 8. Strong acid 9. Weak base 10. Phenolphthalein 11. De-ionized water. PROCEDURES: 1. Fill the buret with a weak base and place it in the ring stand. 2. Fill the 50 mL beaker with 30 mL of a strong acid. 3. Fill...

Acid, Base, Pink 650  Words | 3  Pages

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Acid Precipitation IA

IB ESS – Internal Assessment #2 – Effects of Acid Precipitation on Limestone Introduction Acid precipitation occurs when acids like SO2 and COx from the burning of fossil fuels pollute rain clouds and contaminate the water cycle. The effect of this event depends on the concentration of acid in the precipitation and the composition of the material it comes into contact with. Limestone can be found in cave systems, coral reefs and is also used as a building material. Its chemical composition includes...

Acid, Acid rain, Bottles 848  Words | 5  Pages

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Dominic Li

Crime Legal Citation of the Case: Dominic Li- Satorre v R, R v AB, R v Tan – Acid attack and murder Elements of the crime: Dominic Li was attacked by two men in his home in December 2002. Dominic Li was an accountant whose brother-in-law, Phillip Ma, owed money to Yonky Irvan Tan. Tan, who was a distributor or drugs developed the attack on Li in order to flush out Li’s brother who had disappeared. Hydrochloric acid was poured on his face and mouth which left him blind, with a burnt oesophagus...

Alford plea, Allegation, Arraignment 2289  Words | 7  Pages

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Lab - Acid-Base Titration

Lab # 11 – Acid - Base Titration Introduction: The purpose of this lab is to determine the molarity (M) of an unknown HCl solution. A NaOH solution will be made and its molarity calculated. A sample of the NaOH solution will be titrated against the unknown HCl solution to calculated the volume needed to neutralize it. With these volumes the unknown molarity can be calculated. Theory: Solutions are made up of solvents and solutes. Materials known as acids when dissolved...

Acid, Base, Chemistry 939  Words | 5  Pages

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10.1 COMMON ACIDS and ALKALIS in DAILY LIFE A. ACIDS 1) In our daily life, there are many foods, drinks and flavourings that taste sour. e.g. yoghurt’ lemons and vinegar. 2) They taste sour because they contain acids, which give the sour taste. e.g. Yoghurt contains lactic acid. Lemons contain citric acid. Vinegar contains ethanoic acid. 3) Many household cleaners and personal care products also contain acids. e.g. Toilet bowl cleaners contain hydrochloric acid. Some body lotions...

Acid, Base, Carbon dioxide 562  Words | 3  Pages

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can drone attack be justified

were made smarter. Smaller drones were developed which could fly into unsafe areas like war zones and were able to drop bombs in a military strike (pacans).The question arises that, ‘what caused U.S to start the drone attacks in various countries?’It was after the September 11, 2001 attack on World Trade center when the Bush administration initiated drone strikes against suspected members of Al-Qaeda and the other armed groups. The CIA carried out its first targeted drone killing in 2002 in Afghanistan...

Al-Qaeda, Attack, Attack! 2283  Words | 6  Pages

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Acid Rain

Acid Rain is a major threat to our environment. It considers being a main issue in the developing countries of Eastern Europe such as Czech Republic, Germany, and Poland. Acid Rain is a form of air pollution that comes from the use of gasoline and diesel, fossil-fuel-fired electric power plants, industrial bodies, and residential furnaces by human beings. It also comes from natural hazards such as smoke from forest fires and volcanic eruptions. Acid Rain is a major cause of deforestation, and...

Acid rain, Air pollution, Coal 1543  Words | 4  Pages

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Analysis of Acid by Titration with Sodium Hydroxide

Analysis of acid by titration with sodium hydroxide Ms. Hoang November 2012 Introduction: The purpose of this experiment is to demonstrate an example of how to determine the unknown molarity of hydrochloric acid by titration with a base (sodium hydroxide). Titration is a common laboratory method of quantitative chemical analysis that is used to determine the unknown concentration of an identified analyte (wekipedia). The first step will be measuring and combining water and acid (Hydrochloric...

Acid, Base, Chemistry 1163  Words | 4  Pages

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The Quantitative Determination of an Acid in Carbonated Beverages

Experiment 5 The Quantitative Determination of an Acid in Carbonated Beverages Thomas Canfield Kelly Caddell Chemistry 144B T.A. Brock Marvin 15 October 2012 Methods: Two sodas containing citric acid were investigated in this experiment. Each soda was titrated using one of the two experimental methods. These methods are the traditional titration and the modern titration. Carbonic acid was already removed from the soda by boiling it. Both of the two different titration methods...

Acid, Carbon dioxide, Carbonated water 1206  Words | 5  Pages

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Carboxylic Acid

A carboxylic acid   is an organic acid characterized by the presence of at least one carboxyl group. The general formula of a carboxylic acid is R-COOH, where R is some monovalent functional group. A carboxyl group (or carboxy) is a functional group consisting of a carbonyl (RR'C=O) and a hydroxyl (R-O-H), which has the formula -C(=O)OH, usually written as -COOH or -CO2H. Carboxylic acids are Brønsted-Lowry acids because they are proton (H+) donors. They are the most common type of organic acid. Among...

Acetic acid, Acid, Acids 1147  Words | 5  Pages

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Preparation and Reactions of Boric Acid

Experiment 6 Preparation and reactions of boric acid Objectives: To prepare boric acid from sodium tetraborate (borax) To carry out tests on the prepared sample of boric acid To study the physical and chemical properties of boric acid Introduction: Boron is an element in the p-block of the periodic table. It has the electron configuration of 1s22s22p1 and is in group 3 or goup 13 (IUPAC classification). In nature, it consists of two isotopes 10B (19.6%) and 11B (80.4%). Boron is bonded...

Acids, Borax, Boric acid 1183  Words | 5  Pages

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Leadership During a Terrorist Attack

Leadership during a Terrorist Attack: Coping with 9/11 by Rebuilding During the terrorists attacks of 9/11 many financial industries were particularly hard hit because of where the attack occurred. Cantor Fitzgerald (CF), a bond trading firm was amongst the hardest hit by the attacks. This is because when the plane hit the tower where CF was located most of CF’s employees were trapped above the initial impact. This caused CF to lose a huge number of employees and the only brother to Howard Lutnik...

Al-Qaeda, American Airlines Flight 11, Attack 1038  Words | 3  Pages

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Effects of Acid Mine Drainage

Abandoned Acid Mine Drainage at Shoup’s Run Introduction Acid mine drainage (AMD) is an industrial waste which is the result of the extraction process of the mineral coal from the ground. It causes widespread pollution in the streams above and below the coals fields. AMD is caused when water flows through sulfur-bearing materials forming acidic solutions. It is formed when pyrite (FeS2), an iron sulfide, is exposed and then reacts with air (O2) and water (H2O) to form sulfuric acid. 2FeS2 (s)...

Acid, Carbon dioxide, Heavy metal music 1170  Words | 7  Pages

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Enthalpy of Acid-Base Reaction

Calorimeter and of the Enthalpy of an Acid-Base Reaction Abstract The purpose of this lab was to first, determine the specific heat capacity of a homemade calorimeter, and second, to calculate the enthalpy of reaction for an acid-base reaction between 6M KOH and 6M HNO3. To determine the specific heat capacity of the calorimeter, two differing temperatures of water were measured and volume was measured and mixed within the calorimeter. The enthalpy of reaction for an acid-base reaction was found by...

Absolute zero, Acid, Calorimeter 1528  Words | 5  Pages

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Citric Acid

Niacin (vit. B3) 0.282 mg (2%) Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.25 mg (5%) Vitamin B6 0.06 mg (5%) Folate (vit. B9) 30 μg (8%) Choline 8.4 mg (2%) Vitamin C 53.2 mg (64%) Vitamin E 0.18 mg (1%) Calcium 40 mg (4%) Iron 0.1 mg (1%) Magnesium 10 mg (3%) Manganese 0.025 mg (1%) Phosphorus 14 mg (2%) Potassium 181 mg (4%) Zinc 0.07 mg (1%) Since orange is a citrus fruit, it has  0.005 mol/L citric acid. Citric acid is a weak organic acid with the formula C6H8O7. It is a natural preservative/conservative...

Acid, B vitamins, Citric acid 420  Words | 3  Pages

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Analysis of Acids, Bases, Ph and Salt

Chem&163 Lab Report 1 Analysis of Acids, Bases, pH and Salt Purpose: Explore various methods for determining the characteristics of acid/base solution. The goal of this experiment include the investigation of various acid/base indicators, calculating the change of pH with concentration, change of pH due to the addition of salt and different between strong and weak acids/bases. Safety and Disposal: Use extreme caution when handling concentrated acids and bases. Dispose of all solutions as...

Acid, Base, Color 696  Words | 4  Pages

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Acid Rain

considered that rain is acid? = The pH scale measures how acidic an object is, when pH is lower than 7 rain is considered acid. b) Which are the compounds that in contact with water origin acid rain? = Compounds like sulfur sulphuric and nitric acids. c) Which are the principal causes of these compounds? = The extra acidity in rain comes from the reaction of primary air pollutants, primarily sulphur oxides and nitrogen oxides, with water in the air to form strong acids. The main sources of...

Acid, Acid rain, Carbon dioxide 751  Words | 3  Pages

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A Scathing Attack on All Levels of Athenian Society and Its Political Leaders or Just Light- Hearted Fun? What Is Your Opinion of “the Knights”?

A scathing attack on all levels of Athenian society and its political leaders or just light- hearted fun? What is your opinion of “The Knights”? The knights is a scathing attack on Athenian society. Aristophanes makes the play this way through the constant attacks on the Pathlagonian, the many negative comments on the people and how he uses comedic techniques to attack Athenian society. Although the play is a heavy attack on Athenian society, Aristophanes does also include comedic value in some...

Aristophanes, Attack, Attack! 888  Words | 3  Pages

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Acid rain

Cause and Effect on Acid Rain Introduction Beautifully crafted statues are now worn out or severely damaged, aquatic wildlife population are dying off, forests have lost the leaves that protect their trees and produce food, and the rates of lung diseases in humans are rising around the world. The cause of all of these problems can be linked back to acid rain. Most people don’t understand the concept or science behind acid rain. The common belief is that it’s a natural process, but it’s actually...

Acid, Acid rain, Nitrogen 1563  Words | 5  Pages

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Acid Rain Essay 25

rainfall is slightly acidic because carbon dioxide in the atmosphere dissolves in the raindrops to produce hydrogen ions. Yet, normal rainfall is not considered acid rain. Acid rain is a form of air pollution in which airborne acids produced by electric utility plants and other sources fall to Earth in distant regions. The corrosive nature of acid rain causes widespread damage to the environment. The problem begins with the production of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from the burning of fossil fuels...

Acid, Acid rain, Air pollution 1943  Words | 5  Pages

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