On October 11, Paul Bogle, a respected black man in the community, marched with a group to Morant Bay. When they arrived at the court house they were met by a small volunteer militia who opened fire on the group, killing seven. Immediately, the militia retreated but the group that day killed 18 people, officials and militia, and had taken the town. In the days that followed some 2,000 rebels roamed the countryside, killing two white planters and forcing others to flee for their lives. Governor Edward Eyre sent troops to hunt down the poorly armed rebels, and bring Paul Bogle back to Morant Bay to be hung. Despite the fact that these troops were met with no resistance, the soldiers shot and hanged everyone they came across, mostly innocent people without a trial. One soldier said, "we slaughtered all before us...man or woman or child”. In the end, 439 blacks were killed in the repression and 354 executed after "trials" that ranged from the whim of an individual officer to the judicial lynching of an official court martial. Paul Bogle was, of course, among those hanged. Over 600 men and women, including pregnant women, were flogged and received up to 100 strokes. To increase the severity of the punishment the cord strands of the cat were twined with wire. In addition, many received long prison sentences.
On August 6th 1962, Jamaican Independence Day was born!
After years of Spanish and subsequent British colonial rule, Jamaica was finally allowed to govern its own political, economical, and social affairs. The Spanish claimed the Island in 1494 when Christopher Columbus discovered it on one of his voyages to the Caribbean. The British took over in 1655, after a short battle with the Spanish, but that only lasted until 1834 when slavery was abolished, and Jamaica gained more and more control of its affairs.
Marcus Garvey- Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., ONH (17 August 1887 – 10 June 1940) was a Jamaican publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association .
Nanny of the Maroons- Queen Nanny or Granny Nanny (c. 1686 – 1733), Jamaican National Hero, was a well-known leader of the Jamaican Maroons in the eighteenth century. Historical documents refer to her as the "rebels old obeah woman," and they legally grant "Nanny and the people now residing with her and their heirs.
Paul Bogle (ca. 1820 – 1865) was a Jamaican Baptist deacon and is a National Hero of Jamaica. He was a leader of the 1865 Morant Bay Protests, which agitated for justice and fair treatment for all in Jamaica. Leading the Morant Bay rebellion, he was captured and hanged on October 24, 1865 in the Morant Bay Court House and executed by the United Kingdom authorities.
Norman Manley- Norman Washington Manley was born at Roxborough in Manchester Jamaica in 1893. Norman Manley was the first president of the People's national Party. He is remembered for his role in the establishment of Jamaica's Central Bank (The Bank of Jamaica), the Jamaica National Heritage Trust, the Co-operative Movement as well as Jamaica Welfare, now the Social Development Commission
George William Gordon, National Hero of Jamaica (1820*-1865) was a Jamaican businessman and politician. On the centenary of his death, he was proclaimed a National Hero of Jamaica.
Samuel 'Sam' Sharpe, or Sharp, National Hero of Jamaica (1801, Jamaica - May 23, 1832, Jamaica) was the slave leader behind the Jamaican Baptist War slave rebellion. Samuel Sharpe was born in the parish of St. James. Samuel Sharpe was a slave throughout his life, he was allowed to become...