A Typology of Virtual Teams: Implications for Effective Leadership

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Individual Article Review

AMBA 620 – 9040

A Typology of Virtual Teams: Implications for Effective Leadership In this article Bell and Kozlowski (2002) examine the technology changes in today’s business organizations. According to Bell and Kozlowski as organizations become more complicated and evolved their organizational systems, structures, and processes become more complex as well. As a result, many organizations take on a horizontal organizational structure and team-based work structure identified as virtual teams to adapt to the changes in today’s technology (p. 14). Defined by Bell el at. Virtual teams are groups of employees that are either physically or managerially isolated from each other, then put together using an arrangement of telecommunications and information technologies to achieve an organizational mission (p. 12). Although virtual teams have become more visible over the years due to their high level of flexibility for organizations, Bell and Kozlowski examine the theoretical framework that can improve the understanding of virtual teams (p. 16).

Primary Bell el at. typology (study) examines two theoretical contributions. First the variation among virtual teams and conventional teams based on overarching conceptual problems that form the focal point of study, its procedure and its proposition. Bell el at. discuss the two most important factors in leadership that are critical to a team’s success are: performance management and team development. Next, Bell el at. outline of the constraining of task complication on the mutually supporting of team workflows is discussed (p. 16).

In section two of Bell and Kozlowski typology (study) the development theory of virtual teams is examine. Bell el at. separate their study in two sections. Primary, they begin with describing the two characteristics that are different from virtual teams and conventional teams (p. 18). Next, Bell el at. discusses the four...
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