A Summary of Cooperative in India

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1. As a trend setter and harbinger of the movement, Madhusudan Das organised the first multifacet cooperative enterprise of the country "The Cuttack Cooperative Store" as early as 1898. 2. The Cuttack Co-operative Store came into existence on 11th June, 1898 with Madhusudan Das as the honorary secretary and Jankinath Bose, the father of Netajee Subash Chandra Bose as the treasurer. 3. To save the poor cultivators from the exploitation of the money-lenders, the Co-operative Movement started in Orissa as early as in 1903. By the Cooperative Credit Societies Act, 1904 several Co- Operative Societies were established in North Orissa. 4. Primary Agricultural Co-operative Societies (PACS) at the grass-root level, Central Co-operative Banks (DCCB) at the middle level and Orissa State Cooperative Bank at the apex level. 5. Co-operative institutions have played a prominent role in promotion and credit linkage of Self-Help Groups in general and Women Self- Help Groups in particular. 6. In the marketing sector the MARKFED at the apex level is functioning for distribution of fertilizer through Buffer godowns, depots and sale points. 7. Odisha is 2nd State after Andhra Pradesh to accept the recommendation of Vaidyanathan Committee for revitalization of Short-Term Credit Co-operatives. 8. Integrated Cooperative Development Project (ICDP)

The Scheme Integrated Cooperative Development Project (ICDP) was introduced in the Seventh Five Year Plan for promotion of various economic activities through cooperatives in the sphere of agriculture and allied sectors like Fishery, Poultry, Dairy, Handloom and Rural Industries etc. in the selected districts. This scheme of the Corporation has an integrated area based approach taking into account the local needs and resources. The scheme aims at development of cooperatives in agriculture and allied sectors, transforming cooperative as multi-purpose entities and promoting horizontal & vertical functional linkages so as to enable the cooperatives to cater to the overall needs of rural community. 9. MARKFED

The MARKFED-ORISSA i.e. Odisha State Co-operative Marketing Federation Ltd. commenced since 11.06.1949 with total membership of 985. Objective :
Market/ distribute chemical fertilisers, pesticides, agril. implements to the farmers of the State. Procurement of agril commodities under Price Support Scheme – to help farmers to get fair price of their produce.

10. OSCARD At a Glance
The Odisha State Cooperative Agricultural & Rural Development (OSCARD) Bank as the Apex Bank at the State level and 46 Primary Cooperative Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Banks located at the Revenue Sub-Divisional level have been functioning since 1938 and constitute the Long Term Credit Structure in the State. 

11. OSAM Board

The OSAM Board is a statutory Board constituted under the Odisha Agricultural Produce Markets Act, 1956 for exercising superintendence and control over the working of the Regulated Market Committees constituted under the Act with the intention of regulating the sale and purchase of agricultural produce in the State. The Odisha State Agricultural Marketing (OSAM) Board which is the regulatory body for the agricultural marketing structure in the State, was established in the year 1984 under the amended provisions of the Odisha Agricultural Produce Markets Act, 1956. The Minister in charge of Cooperation is the ex-officio Chairman of the Board which has been assigned the status of a body corporate. 12. Headed by Registrar Of Cooperatives.


At a glance

Handloom Sector, next to the agriculture provides massive employment to the rural artisans. So far as our State is concerned, it has a rich tradition of producing handloom products. Even the skill and knowledge imbibed over the generation, has given the Orissa hand woven textiles an unparalleled depth, range, strength and vigor. Handloom cloth is one of the richest and resilient...
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