1.1 Background to the Study
This will provide the reason behind the research motivating factors, basis for understanding of the problem of the study. It discusses circumstances and issues that led to the choice of the topic and as well provides background information on the development of the problem. The world health organization (WHO) 1971 defined family planning as a way of thinking and living that is adopted voluntarily upon the basis of knowledge, attitude and responsible decisions by individuals and couples, in order to promote the health and welfare of the family group and thus contribute effectively to the social development of the country. Family planning is the process of controlling the number of children you have by using contraception according to Oxford Advanced Leaners’ Dictionary 7th Edition. It is a programme to regulate the number and spacing of children in a family through the practice of contraception or other methods of birth control. Child-bearing is an essential component of human survival. It is so valuable that so much importance is attached to it by African culture so much that an infertile marriage is regarded as a fruitless marriage. Okonfia (1992) asserted that African culture allows for numerous children in the family. The wealth of a typical African family is measured by the number of children in that family. One becomes worrisome when one imagines the over flowing population without corresponding standard of care. Adeyemo (1997) reported that there is a frightening population increase in Africa that by the year 2000 food and social amenities will be grossly inadequate. Ojo and Briggs (1983) also claimed that the decline in parental mortality rate and rapidly increasing socio-economic pressure brought about by urbanization awareness to increase quality life. The shift from agrarian to an industrial way of life as well as the emancipation of women in a number of developing countries has contributed to the introduction and acceptance of family planning in such countries. Inflation and rising cost of living make couples to have only number of children they can take care of. Poor medical conditions such as cardiac disease like hypertension, Anemia and chronic disease in child bearing women can also occur if there is no planning. Family planning was introduced to reduce unwanted pregnancy or reduce incidence of criminal abortion and to combat some of the problems narrated above. Unfortunately, this has not been fully embraced by the people of the country. This may be due to several factors ranging from ignorance to cultural or social factors. For instance, Adeyemo (1996) reported that the male gender mostly prevents their wives from fully utilizing the family planning facilities available. This he said is predominant in Northern Nigeria. Adeyemo’s assertion might be correct to some extent, but the researcher intends to investigate the factors that could be responsible for the hindrance against full acceptance and utilization of family planning by the people of Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
Here the researcher gives the explanation of the problem of the research based on the conviction of the research. * Whether there is social or cultural reason for non-acceptance of the programme. * If there is religious attributes
* Is it that knowledge about utilization of the programme is inadequate? Even when the government has decided to embark on free drugs and facilities, do people still refuse the utilization of the programme? Is there problem of accessibility on the part of the people towards the programme?
1.3 OBJCETIVES OF THE STUDY
The researcher is with the following objectives:
1. To create awareness on the benefits of the...