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A Model for the Design and Development of a Science and Technology Park in Developing Countries Sanni, M; Egbetokun, A and Siyanbola, W National Centre for Technology Management, Inderscience Publishers
Online at http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/25342/ MPRA Paper No. 25342, posted 25. September 2010 / 13:00
A Model for the Design and Development of a Science and Technology Park in Developing Countries
M. Sanni*a and A. A. Egbetokuna
National Centre for Technology Management (Federal Ministry of Science and Technology), PMB 012, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
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Abstract This paper presents an appropriate model for Science and Technology Parks (STPs) with a view to helping policy makers and STP managers implement and manage STPs. The authors reorganize and prioritize the Cabral-Dahab Science Park Management Paradigm. We identify three critical groups of actors (determinants, reactors and executors) and develop four sub-models from different trajectories of the groups of actors. We place more emphasis on the ―determinants‖ as the most important actors in the establishment and management of STP. A critical evaluation of the sub-models reveals that the sub-model in which government, industry and university/research institutes are all jointly involved in decisive policy direction is the most appropriate for the developing country. The paper concludes that economies in
transition should see STPs as having a distinctive organizational structure as a result of its myriads of collaborations and partnerships.
KEYWORDS: Enterprise Development, Science and Technology Park, Model, Developing countries, Cabral-Dahab Paradigm, Determinants, Management
Biographical Notes Maruf Sanni is presently a Research Officer in the Training and Research Department at NACETEM. He attended Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, where he obtained his Bachelor of Science degree. He has interest in area of technology management and policy. But his area of focus is energy and environment. He has just finished participating in projects sponsored by the Henrich Boll Foundation, Lagos, Nigeria on Technology Transfer Requirements for Nigeria in relation to Climate Change and Adaptation to Global Climate Change in Nigeria. His article has appeared in International Journal of Technology Management.
A.A. Egbetokun graduated with a Bachelor‘s degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria in 2003, and has recently completed a Master degree in Technology Management in the same university. He is an associate member of the Nigeria Institute of Management. As a Research Officer with the National Centre for
Technology Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, he is actively involved in policy research, evaluation and review especially in the areas of innovation, entrepreneurship, SMEs and technological capabilities. His articles have appeared in the International Journal of Technology Management, the World Review of Entrepreneurship Management and Sustainable Development as well as the International Journal of Learning.
The establishment of institutions to support high technology firms and other instruments of technology diffusion is imperative to national and regional development (Amsden, 1989). Among other things, these institutions help to develop endogenous science and technology (capabilities). A particular type of institution that most transition economies establish to develop such internal capabilities is Science and Technology Parks (STPs). A STP can be described as a property-based economic strategy (Zhang, 2004a) with basic focus on the transfer of technological know-how and industrialization. STPs usually have technological entrepreneurial biased tenants with...
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