Tesco was founded in 1919 and launched its first store in Edgware, London, UK in 1929, however, over the decades it has evolved to become the market leader within the UK food retail segment. Tesco is among the largest food retailers in the world with revenue in excess of £54 billion in 2010 and employing over 470,000 people . They operate approximately 4,331 stores in 14 countries around the world. The company operates primarily in the USA, Europe and Asia and their Head Office is based in Hertfordshire, UK. The commercial network portfolio of Tesco comprises : over 960 Express stores which sell approximately 7,000 products including fresh foods at suitable localities ; 170 Metro stores which sell a variety of food products in town and city centres; and 450 superstores which sell both food and non-food items including books and DVDs. Tesco also provides online retailing services through their website Tesco.com and Tesco Direct . Procedure:
The information in this report have been gathered from official websites on the internet, Tesco official website, yahoo and the internal Tesco business directory. The Findings:
INDUSTRY ANALYSIS (PESTEL FRAMEWORK)
Operating in a globalised environment with stores around the globe (Tesco now operates in six countries in Europe in addition to the UK and the Republic of Ireland, Tesco's performance is highly influenced by the political and legislative conditions of these countries, including the European Union (EU), which can in some occasions influence strategic decisions that Tesco make. 2. Economical Factors:
Economic factors are of concern to Tesco, because they are likely to influence demand, costs, prices and profits. One of the most influential factors on the economy is high unemployment levels, which decreases the effective demand for many goods, adversely affecting the demand required to produce such goods. These economic factors are largely outside the control of the company, but their effects on performance and the marketing mix can be profound. International business is still growing, and is expected to contribute greater amounts to Tesco's profits over the next few years, the company is still highly dependent on the UK market. Hence, Tesco would be badly affected by any slowdown in the UK food market and are exposed to market concentration risks.
3. Social/Cultural Factors:
Current trends indicate that British customers have moved towards ‘one-stop' and ‘bulk' shopping, which is due to a variety of social changes. Tesco have, therefore, increased the amount of non-food items available for sale. Demographic changes such as the aging population, an increase in female workers and a decline in home meal preparation mean that UK retailers are also focusing on added-value products and services. In addition, the focus is now towards; the own-label share of the business mix, the supply chain and other operational improvements, which can drive costs out of the business. The type of goods and services demanded by consumers is a function of their social conditioning and their consequent attitudes and beliefs. Consumers are becoming more and more aware of health issues, and their attitudes towards food are constantly changing. One example of Tesco adapting its product mix is to accommodate an increased demand for organic products. The company was also the first to allow customers to pay in cheques and cash at the checkout. 4. Technological Factors:
Technology is a major macro-environmental variable which has influenced the development of many of the Tesco products. The new technologies benefit both customers and the company: customer satisfaction rises because goods are readily available, services can become more personalised and shopping more convenient. The launch of the Efficient Consumer Response (ECR) initiative provided the shift that is now apparent in the management of...