The Search For Truth:
A Comparison Of The Oncological Philosophies Of Rene Descartes, Lao tzu, al-Razi, and Lame Deer
It seems that no matter the circumstances under which a culture and society develops its people instinctively develop a method, or a reason, for their existence. This aspect of human beings to long for a reason or purpose to life is distinct to human beings opposed to other living creatures of the earth. For thousands of years philosophers have argued and explored what the nature of existence is, and even questioned whether or not they existed themselves. In researching the philosophies of Rene Descartes, Lao tzu, Rhazes, and Lame Deer I have discovered a variety of explanations of the nature of existence. Although the theories of these four philosophers may vary greatly, I have found even more interesting the similarities present between them. Separated greatly by space and time these philosophers have developed distinct and unique purposes to existence that share some intriguing and extraordinary similarities as well as differences. The purpose and meaning of the search for truth of these four philosophers can be most simply categorized by the differences between rationalism and empiricism.
On the rationalist side of the spectrum are philosophers Descartes and Rhazes who both agreed that reason should be used in all aspects of one’s life. Both philosophers were monotheistic and believed that the ability to reason was a gift from God to humans. They both spoke of a distinction between the mind and body and would agree that the mind is more important than the body because of its ability to use reason and rationalize. Although both philosophers were religious and were thankful to their God for their ability to rationalize, they practiced different religions. Rhazes was extremely critical of “revealed religions”, including his how religion of Islam, where followers base all of their beliefs and actions on faith alone. According to Rhazes, a...
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