Definition of Public policy; “a system of laws, regulatory measures, courses of action, and funding priorities concerning a given topic promulgated by a governmental entity or its representatives”(MUSC,2000) Every moment of existence as a part of any society, absolutely any society is tremendously influenced by public policy. In the context of the American government and Public Policy, it is relevant make an assortment of such policies in order to run the nations governance more efficiently. Federal system and its officials decide on policies of safety while traveling, allocate resources and facilitate the battle against terrorism. They also make policies on the utility & conservation of natural resources. State & local governments through their functions decide which schools get which teachers, what resources are allocated to state emergency services, what public transport system prices are, and how much highway toll prices are. Every one of these decisions is a part of Public Policy. Public Policy decisions will remain a very important part of life for every citizen of every society for probably the rest of time. Public policy also, affects every single aspect of governance of a nation. A Gun “is a machine or tool, usually a weapon, that propels projectiles such as bullets. The projectile is generally fired through a hollow tube known as the gun's barrel. The barrel's diameter, determines the size of projectile used, which is usually designated in fractions of an inch or in millimeters.”(Wikipedia, 2008) Gun Law is a law that pertains to firearms. “Gun laws are highly dependent on date and location, as they have changed along with developments in weapons and societies. The issue of gun law has become a political and/or controversial issue in many societies. There are many differing views on how gun laws should be set up in a society. A typical disagreement is over whether guns should be prohibited in the interest of public safety, or whether citizen gun ownership improves safety and should be allowed.” (Wikipedia, 2008) Throughout history on the United States, Gun Law has been a much-debated issue. Gun Law, defined as “efforts to regulate or control the ownership and sale of guns” (The Free Dictionary, 2008) and “a law that pertains to firearms. Gun laws are highly dependent on date and location, as they have changed along with developments in weapons and societies”. (Wikipedia, 2008) Through my report on Economies of Public Policy, I analyze American Gun Law and influences of Public Policies have on those laws. While I also compare and contrast it to Sri Lankan gun laws. I will analyze these Gun Laws and their direct impact on the Gun Culture of these nations, their spillover effects, immediate and potential conditions, their direct and indirect costs and benefits.
Gun Law in the United States
In the United States, the protection against infringement of the right to keep and bear arms is addressed in the Second Amendment of the U.S Constitution. Almost all federal gun laws and amendments are spelled out in one of the following; (Wikipedia, 2008) • National Firearms Act (1934)
• Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (1968) • Gun Control Act (1968)
• Firearms Owner's Protection Act (1986)
• Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (1993)
• Federal Assault Weapons Ban (1994) (now defunct)
In addition to federal gun laws imposed and amended as above, most states and some local jurisdictions have additionally imposed their own gun laws. The Second Amendment reads, “A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bare arms, shall not be infringed". However, this amendment bore a list of ineligible individuals. Gun Politics
Gun Politics which is defined as “a set of legal issues...