A Comparative Analysis Between Innovation Systems and Porter's Diamond on the Local Clusters Approach

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Produção
Print version ISSN 0103-6513
Prod. vol.16 no.1 São Paulo Jan./Apr. 2006

doi: 10.1590/S0103-65132006000100007
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A comparative analysis between innovation systems and Porter's diamond on the local clusters approach

Sebastião Décio Coimbra de Souza

Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense —- UENF
Universidade Candido Mendes

ABSTRACT

In this work is presented a comparative evaluation between Innovation Systems and Porter's Diamond approaches for competitive analysis in Clusters and Local Productive Systems. Initially it is done a brief review of the recent approaches to regional, local and sectorial productive systems considering evolutionary technical-economic concepts. Then, the distinctive characteristics between Innovation Systems and Porter's Diamond approaches are compared and commented. In synthesis, while the Innovation System approach the characteristics of cooperation and interaction between institutions that support the development and the technological and organizacional advance, the Diamond privileges the local/setorial competitive context and the aspects of international market. However, the infra-structure and the formal and informal institutional flows are essential for the economic development on both approaches. Finally, as an alternative to suply some gaps verifyed on both approaches on the local clusters competitive analysis, an evolutionary perspective is suggested.

Key words: Innovation systems, Porter's diamond, Industrial clusters analysis, Evolutionary perspective.

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Uma análise comparativa entre sistemas de inovação e o diamante de Porter na abordagem de arranjos produtivos locais
RESUMO

Neste trabalho apresenta-se uma avaliação comparativa entre as abordagens de...
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