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( 2000, 28 (˝ „œ

»Æ § ¿˘

) ¡¡ ¡¡

Jou rnal of L anzhou U n iv.

( Social Sciences)

) ˛˜ § ¤ …› : 67¡“ 69¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡ ¡¡

. V o l 28 Supp lem en t 2000 P67- 69

¡¡ ¡¡

O n the T hem e of T he O p en B oa t
L u Yao zho ng
(D ep a rtm en t of B a sic Cou rses, L anzhou R a ilw ay In stitu te, L anzhou, 730070, Ch ina )

Abstract¡¡ T he O p en B oa t is one of the best rea listic sto ries w ritten by step hen crane, an ea rly Am erican na tu ra list w rites. A t dram a tica lly p resnets the sub tle, delica te rela tion betw een m an and na tu re, craneπ idea s of the essence of m an and na tu re a re revelaed tho rugh h is ana lysis of the s situa tion and exp erience of the p ro tagon ist. Key words¡¡ Step hen crane¡¡ T he O p en B oa t ¡¡ na tu re CLC Num ber¡¡ I10614

. Step hen C rane rem a in s the m o st in teresting Am erican w riter of the 1890’s H is w o rk is of la sting va lue. T he O p en B oa t (p ub lished in J une 1898) , con sidered h is best sto ry, is ba sed on an exp erience he had w hen a

boa t he w a s on sh ipw recked en rou te to Cuba. C rane w a s one of on ly th ree su rvivo rs.

A s M a rston L afrance says, C rane studen ts genera lly agree tha t T he O p en B oa t is¡ the crow n of a ll h is , w o rk s ¡– the one sto ry w h ich¡ w ou ld, even if he had w ritten no th ing else, have p laced h i w here he now m . undoub tedly stands¡– C rane believes tha t true a rt shou ld derive from the a rtist’s ow n exp erience. In th is sho rt sto ry, C rane, w ith h is direct exp erience in the sea, unfo lds h is idea s abou t individua l ep istem o logy and h is in terp reta tion of life, disp laying the rela tion betw een m an and na tu re, even the rela tion betw een m an and society. T h is accoun t is C rane’s decla ra tion: na tu re is indifferen t to m an; life is a ba ttle. M an shou ld face rea lity . and struggle fo r h is su rviva l H e believes tha t know ledge com es from exp erience. Donna Gerstenbeger...

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