Nowadays, there is a contentious issue on youth participation in leisure experiences in relation to sport. This essay will demonstrate disciplinary perspective of psychology to examine the issue in regards to youth sports participation. There are a number of psychological factors that show whether youth may gain benefits from involvement. Sports offer youth opportunities to experience competitiveness and increasing their self-esteem. However, attitudes such as anxiety and stress from strong training or pressure of coaches and parents are concerned to be negative factors of youth sports. Prior to discussing what this disciplinary perspective provides in relation to youth sports, it will first define the issue and provide some background facts
With many youth participating in organised sport that is sports played or trained for outside of school, either in school or agency-sponsored programs, it is important to examine the possible benefits of this involvement. The benefits and detriments of youth sport participation have been a topic of debate within the research (Fraser-Thomas, Coˆte´ and Deakin 2005). Sports participation has substantially increased in Australian children over the last years. According to Australian Bureau of Statistics (2006), the higher sport participation rate is a result of increased involvement by both girls and boys. In 2000, 66% of boys and 52% of girls from aged 5 to 14 years over years participated in at least one organised sport, whereas in 2006 this had increased to 69% of boys and 58% of girls participating in at least one organized sport (ABS 2006). Brady (2004) demonstrated that there are some of the social and physiological perspectives of children's sports experience. It is believed by many that sport allows the development of skills and attitudes necessary in children, applying to their lives beyond the boundaries of sport to other aspects of life (Siegel 2006). However, Martens (as cited in Brady 2004) stated that the...
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