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  • Topic: Sentence, Phrase, Possessive pronoun
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  • Published : April 24, 2013
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أعلى النموذج
The show’s host was usually genial, but he had a reputation for turning ------- when provoked by guests who challenged his opinions. * (A) surly
* (B) intrusive
* (C) lenient
* (D) convincing
* (E) giddy
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Explanation
It makes sense to say that someone who is typically “genial,” or friendly, would turn “surly,” or irritable, when provoked. The German choreographer Pina Bausch Acreated dances Bthat incorporated everyday human gestures Cand alternating between highly stylized, precise movements and Dmore flowing, expressive ones. ENo error. * (A)  

* (B)  
* (C)  
* (D)  
* (E)  
Explanation
Choice (C) is correct. It avoids the lack of parallelism of the original by replacing the present participle "alternating" with the past tense verb "alternated," which is logically consistent with the past tense verb "incorporated." -------------------------------------------------

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The party guests were enthralled by the host's ------- anecdotes, which were full of engaging and provocative details. * (A) piquant
* (B) obtrusive
* (C) insipid
* (D) discursive
* (E) forthright
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Explanation
The sentence suggests that the host's "anecdotes," or stories, were enthralling because they were full of "engaging and provocative details." In other words, the anecdotes were "piquant," or engagingly provocative and charming. -------------------------------------------------

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The most famous case of scientific suppression remains that of Galileo, who in 1633 was forced by the Roman Catholic Church to disavow his finding that the Earth revolves around the Sun. * (A) remains that of Galileo, who in 1633 was forced by the Roman Catholic Church to disavow * (B) remained that of Galileo, who in 1633 was forced by the Roman Catholic Church to disavow * (C) remaining that of Galileo, forced by the Roman Catholic Church in 1633 to disavow * (D) will remain that of Galileo, who is forced by the Roman Catholic Church in 1633 to disavow * (E) has remained that of Galileo, who in 1633 is forced by the Roman Catholic Church to disavow أسفل النموذج

Explanation
Choice (A) is correct. It avoids the errors of the other options by providing the present tense verb "remains" to refer to a present-day statement of fact (Galileo's case is today the most well-known example of scientific suppression) and the past tense verb phrase "was forced" to refer to a past event (in 1633 Galileo was forced to disavow his scientific findings). -------------------------------------------------

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Budget cuts prompted the town's officials to cancel the annual parade, but the subsequent ------- from residents was so great that the event was -------. * (A) amazement . . shortened
* (B) support . . altered
* (C) disapproval . . eradicated
* (D) outcry . . reinstated
* (E) negligence . . upgraded
أسفل النموذج
Explanation
Town officials certainly might have "reinstated," or restored or brought back, the annual parade in response to great "outcry," or vehement protests, from the town's residents over the cancellation of the event. Most states Ahave various levels of football competition in Btheir high schools so that schools with Csimilar numbers of students compete only against Dthem. ENo error * (A)  

* (B)  
* (C)  
* (D)  
* (E)  
Explanation
The error in this sentence occurs at (D), where there is illogical pronoun use. It doesn’t make sense to say that schools competed against “them” when “them” could refer to “high schools,” “schools,” or even “students.” Instead, “one another” or “each other” is needed. The jury Aawarded first prize in the architectural competition to a firm Bknown not only for Citsinnovative design Dand also for its environmentally friendly building practices. ENo error. * (A)  

* (B)  
* (C)  
* (D)  ...
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